Obsessions are called intrusive thoughts, ideas or views, spontaneously occurring at different time intervals. Fixation on such installations is a person distress (negative stress long).
Obsessions exist in pure form or combined with compulsions, which are the compulsive behavior. Sometimes the background of obsessive states develop phobias or irrational fears.
No significant reasons that would explain the origin of obsessive thoughts at the moment does not exist. However, there are several hypotheses that shed light on the occurrence of obsessions:
- Biological. It includes diseases and anatomical features of the autonomic nervous system and brain;
- Genetic. In this case, based on the obsession increased genetic concordance (the presence of certain traits in both twins);
- Psychological. According to this hypothesis obsessions appear at aktsentautsiyah (especially) the nature or personality, under the influence of family, sexual or factors of production, as well as by the impact of sociological and cognitive theories (for example, the severity of upbringing in the church).
Obsessions can be amplified after a physical illness, influenza, childbirth and lactation. Their appearance, as a rule, suddenly, and the length varies from short-term to long-standing flares of chronic conditions.
Signs and symptoms of obsessions
In order to get rid of the obsessions to be correct and timely diagnosis of such conditions. Here are the main symptoms that indicate the possible presence of human obsessions and ideas:
- Redness or paleness of skin;
- Cold sweat;
- Bradycardia and tachycardia;
- Shortness of breath;
- Frequent dizziness;
- Increased intestinal motility;
When obsessions changes not only the character, but also the personality of the patient as a whole. Patients become anxious, hypochondriac, indecisive, timid, sensitive, timid, shy, insecure.
Treating obsessions closely linked to mental illnesses like schizophrenia or psychosis, as obsessive syndrome often occurs with them. The distinctive features of schizophrenia is the sudden, unmotivated and unclear content of committed actions.
How to deal with obsessions
Get rid of obsessions makes appropriate treatment, which includes etiological (eliminates the causes, traumatic patient) and pathogenetic (effective at the pathophysiological links) therapy.
One of the good treatment of obsessions come from cognitive-behavioral therapy. He is a man that make it clear what his fears and concerns are justified and which are absolutely groundless. This so-called analysis of obsessional images and thoughts, and their differentiation into real and caused by the disease. Over time, the patient can get rid of obsessions.
Among other treatments may be noted expository psychotherapy, hypnosis, autogenic training, as well as methods of suggestion and auto-suggestion. I am very good and psychoanalysis.
Drug treatment of obsessions include antidepressants (citalopram, fluoxetine), tranquilizers (diazepam, Phenazepamum) and antipsychotics (quetiapine, risperidone).
Patients shown physiotherapy: rubdown, warm baths, ventilated room, cool compresses on her head, electrophoresis, swimming in sea water, darsonvalization.
In obsessive syndrome recommended occupational therapy, travel, interesting activities, proper rest, and vitamins and minerals.
To deal with obsessions usually you can learn to control her symptoms, although it is difficult, and learning difficulties controlling state occurs as in the patients themselves or from physicians.