Brief description of the disease
Obesity - a disease that is characterized by excessive deposition of adipose tissue in the body. Obesity may be a distinct disease, and one of the other disease syndromes.
Causes of Obesity
The most common causes of obesity are: incorrect diet, physical inactivity, high calorie food intake.
Play a role heredity and genetic predisposition, the mismatch between energy revenues and expenses in the body, the use of improper diet, stress. Also, the cause of obesity can be certain physiological conditions such as pregnancy, menopause, breast-feeding.
The degree of obesity
There are three degrees of obesity. To determine the presence of excess weight, you can use the body mass index. Calculation formula is quite simple: you need the actual weight in kilograms divided by your height (in meters) squared. Mass Index ranging from 18 5 to 24 5 defines a normal weight person. The first degree is characterized by a body mass index of 30 to 35. In the second degree obesity BMI is 35-40 units. The actual value of the index above forty defines the third degree of obesity.
Symptoms of obesity
Symptoms of the disease the more pronounced the higher the degree of obesity. First degree can pass almost without symptoms, but the second and third - has quite severe symptoms. These include increased appetite, drowsiness, weakness, sudden change or worsening of mood, nausea, shortness of breath, bitter taste in the mouth, pain in the spine and joints, thirst, increased blood pressure.
A person suffering from obesity may experience increased feelings of hunger at night and in the afternoon. The consequences of the disease may be infertility, and disruption of the menstrual cycle in women, reduced potency in men.
Types of obesity
Alimentary- obesity occurs due to overeating, physical inactivity, power system disturbances are often observed in families.
Hypothalamic obesity is caused by a lesion of the hypothalamic regulation centers. It may result from surgery or traumatic brain injury, various infections and intoxications.
Endocrine obesity arises as a symptom of the pathology of the endocrine glands.
Obesity in children
The body weight of the child which exceeds the rate of 15% or more is considered obese.
The main treatment for obesity in children is to adjust the diet and increase physical activity.
In children, medicines for the treatment of excess weight are not applied.
Most high-calorie meals should be offered to the baby in the morning, in the afternoon it is desirable to provide vegetable and dairy meals. Feed the child should be at one and the same time, not allowing large intervals between feedings. Nutrition should be a fraction, up to six times a day, the amount of food in one feeding should correspond to the baby's age. Preference should be given to lean meats and fish, vegetables and fruits. Should be excluded from the food dishes and foods containing complex carbohydrates and high in fat: white bread, rolls, pastries, sweetened condensed milk, porridge, jam, etc.
By the treatment of obesity must be approached comprehensively and prudently. It should be understood that such treatment is a long process. In order to fix the result and return the extra kilos in duplicate, you must choose the right medical diet and exercise. Also, use the medication.
Medical diet for obesity was developed in 1937 and is now known as Table №8. Nutrition - 5-6 times a day. This diet obesity involves the use of 150 grams of carbohydrate, 90 to 110 grams of protein, 80-85 g of fat, 30% of them should be of vegetable origin, 5-6 grams of salt and 1 to 2 liters of fluid. Calorie content of this diet is about 1700-1800 kcal.
Choosing the right exercise and an increase in motor activity has a real help in the fight against excess weight. Keep in mind that exercise should be normalized and implemented taking into account human health. School of dance in pairs http://www.ivara.ru/ Moscow is waiting for you.
As for drug therapy, here you can only use tested and approved drugs to combat obesity. These include drugs that affect the center of hunger and satiety as well as drugs that block the absorption of dietary fat. Any drug for the treatment of obesity should appoint a doctor.