Narcolepsy - is unusual, mysterious condition of the human body, which is characterized by sudden bouts of sleepiness. Women
suffer from this disease is much less likely than men (the ratio of 1: 6) .Pristupy sleepiness can lead to sudden sleepiness and an instant loss of muscle tone. If narcolepsy person experiences a sense of fatigue and constant drowsiness, which are stored for any length of sleep. Unrecognized and uncontrolled narcolepsy may negatively affect the quality of life cheloveka.Nedavnie advances in pharmacology, medicine and technology have helped doctors to diagnose and treat this disease. With appropriate treatment of patients with this disease are almost normal life.
Causes of Narcolepsy
Tochnayaprichina narcolepsy is still not clear, but there are suggestions that the disease is caused by destruction of the brain, which controls the process of waking and sleeping. Psychological and psychiatric problems are not the cause of narcolepsy. The disease can manifest itself after severe fatigue experienced by strong emotions or head injury, after infectious diseases. The development of narcolepsy is sometimes associated with hereditary predisposition, dysfunction of endocrine glands. Sometimes, sudden bouts of sleepiness appear only during pregnancy.
Scientists have conducted several studies and concluded that narcolepsy develops in reducing the number of cells in the regulatory regions of the brain. Some scientists believe that the development of narcolepsy associated with the gene responsible for synthesis of hypocretin - brain chemical. If narcolepsy hypocretin levels significantly snizhen.Sochetanie factors privacy with gene disorders can lead to disease. Later, the works that have shown an association of disease with certain disorders of the immune system.
The symptoms of narcolepsy
The most disturbing symptom of narcolepsy is considered excessive sleepiness. Falling asleep when the disease is usually repeated several times a day. Before the sudden falling asleep it gradually slows down and then head falls off and consciousness. A short period of sleep is replaced by short-lived period of tidal forces and vivacity. Narcolepsy is developed on the background of chronic fatigue, blurred consciousness, decreased concentration, memory disorders, double vision, headaches, involuntary muscle twitches. Familiar movements are performed automatically, without understanding what is happening.
Narcolepsy may be accompanied by sudden muscle weakness (catalepsy), hallucinations or sleep paralysis. Attack of catalepsy is usually preceded by sudden sleep. When the patient is awake sees hallucinations unusual visions, hears strange noises. This symptom of narcolepsy can be accompanied by anxiety states.
To sleep paralysis is characterized by the onset of immobility during sleep or waking up in the minds of the saved. Usually, symptoms of paralysis disappear by touching the patient. The symptoms of narcolepsy can occur immediately or develop slowly over many years.
Diagnosis and treatment of narcolepsy
listeners physician evaluates the patient to rule out other diseases.
In somnological lab technician examines the patient's medical history and conduct a complete physical examination. Most often held two important test - and polysomnography test mnozhestvennoylatentsii to sleep (MSLT-test).
To pass the test, polysomnography patient stays overnight in an individual room. Small electrodes are attached to the skin by means of an adhesive gel-like substance. The electrodes record the muscle activity, heart rate, eye movements and brain waves of the patient. The test to determine the presence of other disorders that may cause the existing symptoms of the patient.
MSLT-test is carried out the next day. Patients are asked to sleep with electrodes for twenty minutes during 4-5 attempts at intervals of two to three hours.
Two tests help determine whether the patient's symptoms are caused by narcolepsy or other diseases with the same symptoms.
Currently, the treatment of narcolepsy can not be. Its symptoms can be controlled or alleviated, to patients suffering from this disease, rarely felt its manifestations and would adhere completely normal lifestyle.
Plan for the treatment of narcolepsy usually consists of several components - prescribing, behavioral therapy and organization of certain events. Medicines prescribed by a doctor to help control hallucinations, catalepsy, excessive sleepiness and other sleep disorders.
Effective treatment of narcolepsy is very important to follow the regular routine of waking / sleep. Go to bed and wake up every day must be at one and the same time. Nor should we ignore the short-term by regular episodes of daytime sleep.