General characteristics of the disease
Mycoplasmosis is an acute infectious disease caused by a mycoplasma. These microorganisms are intermediate between protists (single-celled living organisms) and multicellular bacteria and viruses. Among the several dozen species of mycoplasma are considered dangerous to humans 4 kinds of provoking the symptoms of mycoplasma and causing serious complications of the disease.
The consequences of mycoplasma in women include inflammation of the pelvic organs. The disease is transmitted in utero from mother to child, so it can cause miscarriage when mycoplasmosis a woman in early pregnancy. In the last trimester of the disease often provokes the beginning of preterm birth. The route of transmission mycoplasma in women mostly sexual.
Mycoplasmosis children primarily affects the respiratory and urinary tract. Breeding ground for mycoplasma becomes epithelium of these organs: mucous membranes of the nose, throat, bronchi, lung, vulva and vagina in girls, the bladder in children of both sexes. The path of infection in this case, mycoplasmosis - airborne or intrauterine.
Mycoplasmosis men occurs much less frequently other specific genital infections, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. A high percentage of mycoplasma in men manifests itself only in the form of carrier microorganism and the presence of antibodies to HIV in the absence of symptoms of mycoplasma themselves as such. The path of infection in men mycoplasmosis - airborne or gender. The incubation period of the disease is 5-20 days, an average of 10 days. Early symptoms resemble a mycoplasmosis women gynecological inflammation, and men have similar clinical presentation with symptoms of urethritis.
Symptoms of mycoplasma
Mycoplasma infection provokes a number of gynecological diseases: salpingitis, endometritis, vaginitis, cervicitis. The presence of one of these diseases with unknown etiology is an indirect symptom of mycoplasma in women and is characterized by scarce clear vaginal discharge, burning during urination, pain in the groin, especially acute during and after intercourse. Symptoms of mycoplasma with latent infection character ranked as the child's habitual miscarriage, polyhydramnios, placental abnormalities and other complications of pregnancy. Chronic disease often causes secondary infertility as one of the main symptoms of mycoplasma are violations ovogenesis - the process of oocyte maturation.
For 40% of the mycoplasma in men characterized by a hidden course of the disease. However, with the weakening of immunity or other stressful situation for the organism mycoplasma can be activated and cause the manifestation of symptoms persist, mycoplasma: scarce clear morning a secret from the urethra, a nagging pain in the groin, discomfort and burning sensation when urinating. With the defeat of the testicles to the mycoplasma mycoplasma symptoms in men include redness, soreness and increase scrotal. In this case, urogenital mycoplasmosis may cause a malfunction in the formation of sperm.
Diagnosis of mycoplasma
In the diagnosis of mycoplasma commonly used method of microscopic examination of a smear on the flora. This is the easiest and most affordable way to study the composition of discharge from the urethra, cervix and vagina in women. If you suspect a man mycoplasmosis studied flora discharge only the urethra.
Mycoplasmosis can also be diagnosed by the method of seeding germ. It involves the cultivation of microorganisms of the stroke in a special nutrient medium. Bacteriological sowings - one of the most accurate methods of diagnosing mycoplasma, but his conduct takes at least 7 days. Additional diagnostic methods include mycoplasma polymerase chain reaction detection of pathogen DNA and the method of determining the immunofluorestsenii with mycoplasma antigens.
Treatment of mycoplasma
Positive test for the presence of mycoplasma in the body is not an indication for treatment of mycoplasma. At the expressed symptoms of a gynecological or urological diseases that can cause mycoplasma, necessarily conducted a study on the contents of strokes other types of disease-causing organisms. Mycoplasma rarely by themselves cause inflammation of the urogenital system. Further treatment strategy depends on the type of mycoplasma mycoplasma detected and associated infections.
Comprehensive treatment of mycoplasma involves the use of antifungal and antiprotozoal drugs, immuno- and physiotherapy, as well as instillation (irrigation) of liquid medicine urethra. In the treatment of mycoplasma or complicated by chronic form is required to use the combined broad-spectrum antibiotics. The course of treatment lasts mycoplasmosis an average of 10 days. After 2-3 weeks after a course of treatment is usually given a check-up.
Mycoplasmosis is characterized by a high probability of relapse. To increase the effectiveness of treatment and reduce the likelihood of mycoplasma reinfection applied technology extracorporeal antibiotic therapy. Their essence incubating high doses of antibacterial drugs combined with plasmapheresis, i.e. blood purification.
Prevention of mycoplasma
For the prevention of mycoplasma it is recommended to use barrier methods of contraception, and 1-2 times per year undergo preventive gynecological or urological examinations.