Parotitis

Brief Description of the disease

 Symptoms of mumps

Mumps (it is more popularly known as the "pig") - an acute viral disease accompanied by intoxication, fever, abnormalities in the salivary glands, and other glandular organs and central nervous system. The causative agent of infection is mumps virus that enters the body through the upper respiratory tract. This is the main mode of transmission. Additionally, mumps may declare itself after contact with personal belongings already sick person. Distribution of the body takes place through the blood vessels through which the virus reaches the salivary glands and the central nervous system, because they have all the conditions for its rapid reproduction.

I want to emphasize the fact that mumps can get absolutely everyone, but it is most often detected mumps in children because their immune system to fight infections less effective than in adults. On the other hand, the children suffer the disease much easier and faster than going through the most serious manifestations of the disease. The first symptoms of a viral infection occur within 10-15 days after infection. When the diagnosis of mumps, treatment should begin as soon as possible, because mumps affects the operation of vital systems of the body and lead to serious complications.

Symptoms and clinical picture

Typically, the latent period of the current mumps lasts about 2-2, 5 weeks. After this, the virus is activated and shows the following symptoms:

  • malaise;
  • weakness, fatigue;
  • rise in body temperature to 38-39 degrees;
  • decreased appetite;
  • dry mouth;
  • ear pain associated with the fact that mumps affects parotid salivary gland.

Incurable glands increases when talking or chewing. At the same time, they increase in size and lead to tension the skin, the appearance of swelling at the site of inflammation, which often go to the surface of the neck. The most intense acute mumps in children develops within 4-5 days after the end of the incubation period, and then gradually decreasing the swelling. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, clinical course mumps divided into three types:

  • light - struck only the salivary glands, the temperature is kept for 1-2 days, the baby being changed slightly;
  • medium gravity - mumps affects not only the salivary glands, and other glandular organs. Fever is accompanied by prolonged fever, headache, disturbances of appetite and sleep;
  • heavy - the temperature reaches 40 degrees, hold at least a week, the infection affects the most important systems of the body, including the central nervous system. More pronounced swelling of the salivary glands and other typical signs of pigs.

An important point: mumps, prevention and treatment which were started too late, leading to inflammation of the meninges (meningitis), pancreatitis, arthritis, hearing damage and the further development of irreversible deafness.

Mumps - treatment of the disease

Any specific treatment of mumps does not exist, therefore the main doctors' efforts aimed at the prevention of complications. To do this, patients received antibiotic therapy, procaine blockade, bed rest and diet. Mobility limitation lasts for at least 10 days. During this time, should be excluded from the diet of the patient's fatty, spicy, flour food, as well as reduce the amount of food consumed. When the diagnosis of mumps in children, the sick recommended lacto-vegetarian diet, rice, brown bread, a dish of potatoes, fresh vegetables and fruits. In mild and middle reaches of the patient should drink plenty of fluids because of the constant dryness in the mouth. In addition, they show calcium supplements and anti-allergic drugs (dosage is chosen based on the age of the child).

 Prevention of mumps

In recent years, doctors have paid much attention to the new methods of treatment of pigs. In particular, mumps effectively treated with a causal therapy. It is also exploring the use of antiviral chemotherapeutic agents, and enzymes. With regard to the funds already in use, it should be mentioned desensitizing and anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, detoxication therapy.

Mumps - Disease Prevention

To prevent the spread of infection, patients are isolated from other children at least 10 days. In child care introduced 3-week quarantine, during which all children in contact with the patient should stay at home with the 11-to 21-day incubation period. As a preventive measure preschoolers ages 3 to 7 years old are vaccinated mumps vaccine.





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