Migraine - is not fatal, but severe neurological disease found mainly in young and middle age.
For migraines are characterized by attacks of severe headaches, often one half of the head, focused in the fronto-temporal-orbital area.
Migraine is one of the oldest known diseases, as described in the Sumerian and ancient Egyptian manuscripts, but still much of it remains unknown.
Causes of migraine
One of the mysteries is the cause of migraine. On the basis of long-term observations were able to establish some patterns of migraine.
Migraine affects both men and women, but in women it occurs twice as often than men. Any dependence of the frequency of occurrence of the disease on the lifestyle, so established that people are most prone to migraines socially active and ambitious, occupations requiring a high mental activity, as well as housewives. Very rare cases of migraine among people of working trades, whose activity is connected with the constant physical activity.
The causes of migraine people suffering from it, include many factors, but in fact the direct influence on the development of an attack could not be determined, therefore, can be considered a predisposing factors, or "starting point", triggered by the appearance of the true causes of the disease. The causes of migraine include:
- Some types of products: hard aged cheeses, red wine, chocolate, fish of mackerel, sausage, coffee;
- Stress experienced or psycho-emotional arousal .;
- Some kinds of drugs, such as oral contraceptives;
- The sharp change in weather (meteodependent form of migraine);
- Heavy exercise;
- Premenstrual syndrome.
Usually experienced patients know exactly what triggers their migraine attack, and try to eliminate the influence of this factor, so they are able to reduce the frequency of attacks, but do not get rid of them completely.
Symptoms of migraine
In some forms of migraine attack begins with the appearance of the characteristic features of precursors, so-called aura. As precursors of different people are different sensations: visual (flies before his eyes, the fog, the appearance of bright flashes on the periphery of vision, etc..), Tactile (feeling of tingling in different parts of the body, numbness, "goose bumps"), auditory ( noise, ringing in the ears). The aura is not always, but only in 20% of patients, and is one of the diagnostic signs of disease.
The characteristic symptom of a migraine is a severe, throbbing pain on one side of it's head. In ancient times, on the basis of migraine called hemicrania - "polovinnocherepnoy." Remember Bulgakov Pontius Pilate of "The Master and Margarita"? Bulgakov was a doctor by training, and very accurately described the feeling of a person experiencing a migraine attack. Sometimes attacks can occur throughout the top of the head, but it's the exception rather than the rule. Migraine attacks are rarely ever in only one half of the head, usually from attack to attack the right and left of the alternate, although there may be "favored" side.
Another peculiar especially for migraine symptom is increased pain from bright light, loud noise, physical and mental activity. Impacts of noise and visual stimuli is so large that can develop sound and photophobia. Patients during an attack seeking to retire to a quiet dark room and take a relaxed attitude, it brings them relief.
Throbbing headache of migraine is often accompanied by nausea and even vomiting. Under-onset seizure can occur weakening of intestinal peristalsis and gastric stasis, when the content is retained in the stomach, not moving on. This is one of the reasons that the medication may be ineffective - they simply do not enter the small intestine where absorption occurs normally.
The duration of migraine attacks, and the attack can last anywhere from three hours to three days.
Especially if they are repeated often, it is the basic problem of migraine, because this time the person loses the ability to work and fully drops out of usual life.
Diagnosis of migraine
The diagnosis of migraine is placed on the basis of characteristic clinical picture, after passing a thorough neurological examination. Examination at the neurologist is necessary also to rule out other diseases, for which characterized by episodes of severe headache.
Treatment of migraine is mainly symptomatic, that is aimed either at cupping at the very beginning or at its termination when the attack has already developed. At the beginning of the attack can help paracetamol or aspirin and other medications gleaned doctor individually. In some cases, the treatment of migraine successfully used homeopathic remedies, as well as non-pharmacological agents, for example, excellent results are obtained by the use of acupuncture (acupuncture).
Under-onset attack to help the patient can be very difficult. Many patients resort to national treatment of migraine. Various methods are used to interrupt the attack: dousing the head of hot or cold water, yellow card in the collar area, a warm bath. Despite the simplicity of such popular migraine treatments, some of which can be very effective, and patients experienced by trial and error, often find that helps them. People migraine treatment involves the use of a variety of herbal teas, for example, clover, lemon balm, St. John's wort, oregano and other herbs. Sometimes it helps just a cup of coffee or tea, caffeine, generally refers to the anti-migraine Drugs, but in other patients it is able to provoke an attack of coffee. In general, the popular migraine treatment is aimed at relieving the patient's condition.
The problem of the treatment of migraine is that in each case have individual sensitivity to certain media, and that is very good for one patient may not work on a completely different, not only serve to strengthen the headache.
In severe cases, migraine can go to migraine status when seizures follow one another almost without interruption, and even migraine stroke, so a single national migraine treatment failure requiring mandatory medical supervision.
It should also be said that the treatment of migraine is ineffective, if not streamlined lifestyle that led to the disease. It is necessary to correct, regular meals with the exception of a heavy meal, adherence of the day and work, restful sleep and frequent exposure to fresh air. As a rule, a lifestyle change in this direction in conjunction with individually selected medical therapy can relieve a person from painful migraine.