The inflammatory process which is localized in the breast is called mastitis. The disease is most common in women aged 15-45 years. At a young age mastitis due to increased blood and lymph circulation, while in premenopausal period, hormonal disorders.
Often, the inflammation occurs in lactating mothers, especially in the first three months after birth. In this case we speak of lactation mastitis. The disease is not only the prerogative of women of childbearing age, inflammation can develop in men and infants. In this case, it means the fibro-cystic mastitis.
Causes of mastitis
As with any inflammation is a cause of mastitis ingress breast pathogens. This can occur both from the outside, such as skin lesions in the breast and inside when the body there are foci of chronic infections, such as tonsillitis, cavities, diseases of the sexual sphere. In lactating women often inflammatory process develops in response to the stagnation of the milk duct blockage or cracks on the nipple. The cause of mastitis in newborns is the residual effect of maternal hormones.
Symptoms of mastitis
By the nature of the inflammatory process, there are several stages of mastitis:
The first three stages are interrelated, in that order formed suppurative focus. The following may develop mastitis in three ways: either an abscess is formed, in which festering hotbed of limited or abscess, when the inflammation affects the entire breast, or necrosis (death of) tissue.
Symptoms of mastitis depends on what stage the disease. In the beginning, patients have seen a sharp rise in temperature, chills and fatigue appears, begins to stand out sweat profusely. Mammary gland increases in volume, becomes dense, there is a sharp pain Expander nature of the place of inflammation of the skin surface becomes reddish. When lactation mastitis signs of inflammation occur against a background of reducing the amount of milk produced. In lactating women, in most cases there are cracks on the nipples, it is through them the infection penetrates into the breast.
In the absence of treatment of mastitis, or hold it the wrong patient's condition deteriorates. Against the background of high temperature enhanced skin redness over the fire of inflammation, at a palpation is clearly defined portion of defeat. In the transition stage of breast abscess sharply increased in volume, the skin becomes bluish tint. The inflammatory process involves the lymph nodes in the vicinity of the diseased breast. When gangrenous mastitis stage to the symptoms mentioned above, are attached bubbles with bloody contents and areas where the tissue necrotic (dying). Edema, besides breast extends to nearby tissue.
Mastitis can be complicated by sepsis, when pathogens enter the bloodstream. It is also possible spread of the inflammatory process in the lymph nodes, in this case we speak of lymphadenitis and lymphatic vessels lymphangitis develops. When spontaneous dissection abscess in this place formed nonhealing fistula.
Treatment of mastitis
Taking into account the severity of the disease and possible adverse outcome, the treatment of mastitis should be treated with the utmost seriousness. To avoid complications with mastitis is strictly forbidden to engage in self-medicate. In most cases, the means used do not remove the cause of mastitis, and it leads to an inflammatory process that develops further, threatening more serious consequences.
Generally, treatment of mastitis is administration of antibiotics, infusion preparations and immunoglobulin. Such therapy can reduce symptoms of intoxication and increase overall resistance. When lactation mastitis to reduce the amount of milk produced are used means that inhibit lactation.
Purulent forms of mastitis are a direct indication for surgery.
Folk remedies for the treatment of mastitis
In alternative medicine, there are many recipes, the purpose of which is the elimination of foci of inflammation in the mammary gland. But folk remedies treatment of mastitis should only be used in conjunction with therapy prescribed by the doctor. In the initial stages can be applied to the site of injury scalded with boiling water cabbage leaf, mother and stepmother, burdock. Have a good effect cakes of flour and honey. Help reduce lactation tea or infusion sage mixture of inflorescences of hops, walnut leaves and sage.
Prevention of mastitis
For nursing mothers, the main measures of prevention of mastitis are hygienic care of the breasts and the organization of the correct feeding regime. Care should be taken so that the breast is completely emptied. For the prevention of mastitis occurrence of cracks of the child should be with the first feeding accustomed to capture the right nipple.
Preventive measures of mastitis include timely recovery of chronic foci of infection, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition organization, maintaining the proper level of immunity in the protection of the breast from injury and hygiene.