Male menopause - the inevitable period of life of a man characterized by sexual involution caused by age-related changes. According to statistics, more than a third of men experience the classic symptoms of menopause, while in the other the physiological process may be asymptomatic.
Male menopause: the body's natural process of restructuring
Male menopause is a natural physiological process, characterized by the extinction of reproductive function, with a fairly wide age range. So, menopause can occur in men between the ages of 40 (early menopause) and 70 (late menopause) years. In this period there is a comprehensive reconstruction of the functioning of all systems of the body, physical inactivity developing gonads (insufficient secretion of sex hormones). During male menopause is a breach of the functioning of the chain, "the hypothalamus - pituitary - testes," which fully regulates the production of sex hormones - androgens (steroid hormones produced by the gonads). This violation, in turn, causes a change in the hormonal balance of the body.
That change in androgen levels was due to the introduction of such a term as andropause, indicating reduction of male hormones. However, many experts prefer to use the term "partial androgen deficiency of older men."
Studies have shown that between 30 to 40 years in the male androgen decline occurs at 1 - 3%. After 40 years, this process is greatly accelerated. For 80 years the level of sex hormones in men by an average of 40-50% lower than the physiological norm for the maintenance of normal sexual and reproductive functions.
The onset of male menopause does not mean the development of impotence. These two concepts are wrongly considered identical, while the male menopause means a reduction in fertility (reduction or complete absence of live, active and capable of fertilization of sperm), reduction or complete absence of sexual desire while maintaining an erection. While impotence - a violation of erectile function, at which there is insufficient erection for natural intercourse.
There are several factors that contribute to the early onset of male menopause:
- Infectious-inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, sexually transmitted diseases (latent, or in history);
- Testicular neoplasms malignant and benign nature;
- Effect of Toxic Substances on the organism as a whole;
- Infringement of blood circulation in the testes and testicular blood supply;
- Radioactive radiation.
Symptoms of male menopause
Time of onset and severity of symptoms of male menopause depends on the overall condition of the body, lifestyle, sexually active men. The correct way of life with an appropriate regime of rest and work, healthy eating, activity contribute to milder menopausal changes in the male body. While smoking, alcohol abuse, a sedentary lifestyle, high intensity work with enough time for rest and recovery of the body greatly exacerbated during male menopause.
Symptoms of male menopause appear first change of the general condition of the body:
Specific symptoms of menopause in men are:
- Impaired cardiac function - the development of arrhythmias, heart palpitations;
- Tides - redness of the face, neck, arms;
- Significant changes in blood pressure;
- Severe headaches;
- Shortness of breath, feeling short of breath.
Sexual dysfunction in male menopause is very specific. Typically, this process is slow enough. Most men observed with normal erectile function:
- Rapid ejaculation;
- Reducing the duration of sexual intercourse;
- Upset orgasm to complete his absence;
- Reducing the volume of ejaculate.
However, the symptoms of male menopause require diagnostic confirmation of diagnosis and therapy. Impede this process is impossible, while the drug therapy and traditional methods can facilitate this process. Symptoms of male menopause appear throughout the period, to varying degrees. In the later stages of menopause in men there is involution of secondary sexual characteristics, the appearance of fatty deposits on the female type (in the hips and buttocks). In rare instances, men have seen the development of gynecomastia (breast enlargement).
Treatment of male menopause: diagnostics, folk cures
Treatment of male menopause does not imply a full recovery of reproductive function, but drug therapy will reduce the manifestation of symptoms and facilitate the restructuring of the body.
For proper diagnosis and determination of treatment strategies of male menopause is necessary to pass a comprehensive examination, including:
- Ultrasound diagnosis of prostate cancer;
- Blood count;
- Analysis of PSA (prostate specific antigen) general;
- Analysis of free PSA.
Treatment of male menopause requires a comprehensive approach: a lifestyle change, healthy eating, physical and sexual activity, drug therapy. It should be noted that many men with fading sexual function deliberately resorted to more frequent sexual acts in the hope to stop the process of involution. However, the frequency of sexual intercourse has no effect on the course of menopause in men. During this period, doctors recommend that measured sexual life.
Drug therapy of male menopause include:
- Hormone replacement therapy;
- Preparations for the normalization of erectile function;
- Vitamins for the maintenance and correction of comorbid conditions.
In consultation with the doctor can be used non-traditional (folk) treatment of menopause in men.
To restore sexual function and reduce the severity of symptoms of male menopause are used:
- Tincture of ginseng root;
- Onions (increases sexual desire, enhances activity of sex glands, increases the amount of sperm produced);
- Vitamin E (enhances sexual function);
- Rosemary officinalis.
With effective treatment of menopause in men restored:
- Erectile function;
- Sexual attraction;
- Reduced or completely disappear symptoms that accompany male menopause.
However, replacement therapy is not able to resume reproduction (fertility ejaculate). Underlying replacement therapy drugs are natural testosterone. Scheme of use and dosage of the drug is prescribed by the doctor individually. Treatment of menopause in men require constant medical monitoring and dynamic adjustment of medication.