Stones in the kidneys
Urolithiasis - is the official medical name of the disease, in which the formation of kidney stones and other urinary organs.
Age groups at risk of disease
Almost all of the population likely to develop kidney stones. The disease can occur even in newborn infants. But the older the person, the greater the risk of kidney stones.
Types of kidney stones
Type of calculi (stones) depends mainly on the age of the person. Elderly people typically suffer from stones, consisting of uric acid salts. Less common are other types of concretions. They can be formed not only directly in the kidney, but also in the bladder and ureter. Their size can vary from a few millimeters (smaller called "sand") to several centimeters.
Kidney Stones: Causes Education
One of the main reasons for the development of urolithiasis, is a violation of the metabolic processes in the body. Kidney stones occur when changing the water and salt and blood chemistry. Also on their formation is influenced by a number of additional reasons:
- Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and urogenital system: gastritis, colitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis, cystitis, etc .;
- The presence of a variety of injuries and diseases of the bones;
- Infectious diseases that lead to a violation of water-salt balance;
- Violation of the parathyroid glands;
- Hypervitaminosis of vitamin D;
- The use of the diet is too salty, sour and pungent foods, increases the acidity of urine and hard water with high levels of salt content;
- Excess ultraviolet rays.
Kidney stones: symptoms
Very rarely it proceeds completely asymptomatic urolithiasis and kidney stones are discovered by chance, during the examination of the patient about any other disease.
The most common symptom of kidney stones is the emergence of pain in the lumbar region to one or both sides. It may be enhanced during exercise or change in body position. Stone, caught in the ureter, causing a sharp pain in the lower abdomen and groin - renal colic. Other symptoms of kidney stones include:
- Changes in the color of urine;
- Renal colic, periodically renewable and off again. Terminated after the stone;
- High blood pressure;
Kidney stones: treatment
Therapy of urolithiasis today includes surgical and conservative treatments. The main objectives of the treatment of kidney stones are:
- Removal of stones;
- Preventing the recurrence of stones;
- Eliminating infection.
If conservative treatment of kidney stones used drugs aimed at dissolving concrements, normalization of metabolic processes in the relief of inflammation of the urinary system. Also, patients are encouraged to diet therapy. If the size of the stones is small, this method is quite effective. Treatment of urolithiasis is carried out under the direct supervision of an urologist.
For surgical treatment of kidney stones resort if large stones, or with complex staghorn form. Currently, there are a great alternative to open surgery - fragmentation of kidney stones with the help of distance shock-wave lithotripsy. This method is based on treating urolithiasis using focused acoustic electrohydraulic shock waves. Under their influence is crushed stones in the kidney, ureter and bladder. In fact, urinary stones are transformed into fine sand, which is without any difficulty naturally discharged to the outside.
Kidney stones: folk remedies to solve the problem
There are many non-traditional methods of treatment of urolithiasis, including the reception of various concoctions of plants that contribute to the fragmentation of kidney stones and painless removal. But before resorting to the treatment of kidney stones folk remedies, be sure to consult with your doctor. This is due to the fact that the gravel can be of different chemical nature (oxalate, urate, protein, etc.) and therefore for its dissolution require different tools. Incorrectly selected herbal medicine not only lead to a break up kidney stones, but on the other hand, it could trigger further growth and development of an attack of renal colic.
Diet for the prevention and treatment of urolithiasis
Diet for urolithiasis should take account of the acid-alkaline urine, stones chemical composition and characteristics of metabolic disorders. Its basic principles are:
- Excessive fluid intake, which allows output of urinary tract salt precipitation and small stones, known as sand;
- Eating foods that support the desired pH of the urine to better dissolve the existing stones and prevent the formation of new ones;
- Restriction in the diet foods that promote the formation of kidney stones.
Diet therapy with urolithiasis necessarily should take into account comorbidities. For example, if the patient circulatory failure is eliminated the use of large amounts of liquid, which is recommended for the treatment of urolithiasis. When combined with kidney stones and obesity diet should be low-calorie.
When uric acid stones should be excluded from the diet foods rich in purine bases (beans, mushrooms, peanuts, cauliflower, radish, figs, spinach, chocolate, meat offal).
When oxalate stones should limit intake of foods rich in oxalic acid (beets, potatoes, onions, carrots, black currants, citrus fruits, blueberries). At the same time, it is necessary to use as many products, binders and outputting oxalic acid from the body. These include: plums, pears, apples, bright grapes, dogwood.
When phosphate kidney stones is recommended diet with a sharp restriction of almost all fruits, vegetables and dairy products. The menu includes eggs, meat, fish, beans, grains and some fruits, berries and vegetables (cranberries, sour apples, cranberries, green beans, pumpkin). Such a diet is not physiological. Therefore, it should be followed only for a short time, such as during acute illness.
Do not forget about physical activity. During exercise calcium from bones into blood passes. This reduces the risk of formation of kidney stones.
Care should be taken not only of the quality of water used, but to use it in sufficient quantities: at least 1, 5-2 liters per day. Due to abundant water drinking urine becomes less concentrated, which prevents the precipitation of salts.