Keratomas - benign skin growths dark brown, originally like a freckle. Over time, the horny layer of epidermis is rapidly growing, the spot begins rogovet, peel off and turns into a dark plaque. Size keratomas skin 1-2 cm, excrescences can be single or multiple. The disease is asymptomatic, usually affects people over 50 years.
Types of skin keratomas
There are several kinds of build-up:
Seborrheic keratome (or seborrheic keratosis) - appears in the form of brown spots or yellowish color, which after a while begins to increase rapidly in size, darken and grow coarse. It may appear deep fissures. Seborrheic verrucosum - not a harmless phenomenon, it is accompanied by itching, scaling, and even pain. Sometimes part of the build-up may fall away, which is why there is bleeding. The wound can get infected, so the build-up damage, seek medical advice. Keratomas this type - plural formation, it may hit the area under the scalp, the skin on the feet, hands, neck and face. The disease takes a long time, but rarely becomes malignant character;
Senile or senile verrucosum - plural formation with whitish or gray tint. Age growths appear in people after 30 years, usually in the neck, face, hands on the back side, sometimes on the stomach, back, chest and legs. After some time, the formation may increase in size and covered with plaques. Senile keratome prone to inflammation, but rarely becomes malignant form;
Horn keratome or cutaneous horn - the formation of the conical or linear form. He has dark skin and towers over 5-7 mm. These growths may be single or multiple and occur anywhere on the body. This type of tumors can degenerate into cancer, so it must be treated immediately after the appearance;
Keratosis pilaris - a rare disease in which the skin appear gray or pink nodules histogenetic associated with hair follicles, reaching 1, 5-2 cm in diameter. Such growths are formed in women under the hair on the upper lip;
Solar keratome or ketaktinichesky keratosis - a precancerous condition type that affects men over 40 years, often light-skinned. Neoplasms appear on the skin is exposed to direct sunlight, as multiple foci of dense hyperkeratosis, which are covered by grayish dry scales. The disease progresses slowly, gradually acquiring a malignant character and transformed into squamous cell carcinoma.
Causes of keratosis
Keratosis - a fairly common disease. It is not contagious, but it is believed that the tendency to it is inherited. Causes of keratitis skin are varied and depend on the type of build-up. It is believed that most often they are formed due to the long stay open unprotected skin to direct sunlight. As a reaction to the excess of ultraviolet radiation in the mature skin there is a rapid growth of the epidermis and its further actinic. Therefore, people with a tendency to the appearance of keratitis, should protect the skin from direct sunlight.
When it becomes dangerous verrucosum
Keratosis begins with the appearance of the skin of a small convex spots of brown or grayish color, which may peel off. Gradually increase the size of tumors, appears on top of the crust. If it comes off, minor bleeding may begin to cause human discomfort. Keratomas may appear in several places, usually on areas of the body, the open sunlight. By themselves, they are not dangerous, and people can live with the build-up life. The danger arises when the degeneration into a malignant tumor, and the spots can grow and transform into squamous cell carcinoma. Anticipating such a transition is impossible, so doctors recommend immediately remove such tumors.
It is important to understand that the self or self-removal keratomas fraught with serious consequences for health. Injury may contribute to the build-up of its degeneration into a malignant tumor, so they should be removed only by a doctor. There are various treatments for keratosis:
Kriodestrukiya - removing the build-up of liquid nitrogen without anesthesia, often used to treat senile keratomas type;
Laser removal - the most effective method, with no contraindications;
Radiosurgery - contactless method to remove the build-up using radionozha leaves no scars and does not damage the surrounding tissue;
Electrocoagulation - thermal effect on the damaged area with high frequency current. Most often used to remove seborrheic keratitis;
Surgery - the traditional way to remove build-up standard scalpel under local anesthesia.
Keratomas Treatment folk remedies
There are a few popular recipes treat keratosis:
The build-up on the face, gently clean the calcined warm vegetable oil to soften the rough edges;
Senile keratomas can be treated with ointment of bay leaf, it slows the growth of tumors and relieves pain. For this purpose 6 laurel leaves pulverized added sheet juniper, stirred with 12 fold volume of butter was added 100 g of the resulting mixture, 15 drops of fir oil or lavender;
The build-up of any type can be lubricated with melted pork fat, mixed with crushed dried leaves of celandine.
Using folk remedies at keratomas should be agreed with your physician. For treatment to be effective, the procedure should be carried out regularly.