To the thyroid gland to function fully, it needs iodine. Most of the iodine contained in a human body (approximately 80%), a part of the thyroid hormones. For the average adult requirement of iodine is about 150 micrograms, while in pregnant and breastfeeding women, in children during periods of rapid growth, as well as in the recovery process after surgery and serious diseases, the dose is increased. A direct relationship between altitude and lack of iodine in soil and water.
Among the leaders in the food content of iodine are a variety of seafood, especially seaweed. Iodine is contained in drinking water, in order to be able to be metabolized by the body, it should be in the form of iodide. Its quantity corresponding iodide, which is contained in the corresponding ground terrain.
Symptoms of iodine deficiency in the body
Such thyroid disease as:
often arise as a result of iodine deficiency in the human body.
The main symptoms of iodine deficiency are fatigue, drowsiness, impaired memory and attention, bad mood. To these are added irritability and forgetfulness, loss of libido, headaches. If iodine deficiency are not diagnosed and do not eliminate, the process progresses.
Resistant iodine deficiency manifests itself in the form of weakness, and a variety of disorders in the cardiovascular system. There are arrhythmia and atherosclerosis, swelling of the face and limbs, can develop sciatica thoracic and lumbar spine.
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage or cretinism in the child and in children leads to mental and physical disability. A serious danger is the fact that iodine deficiency may be a long period of time, asymptomatic.
Iodine deficiency also increases the size of the thyroid gland. This is due to the fact that it grows in an attempt to capture the missing hormone synthesis iodine. As a consequence, the level of iodides in the blood and urine is reduced, causing goiter.
It is obvious that the main reason for the deficit of iodine in the body is the lack of this element in water and the human diet. The problem is global in nature. The vast majority of the globe today are characterized by a lack of iodine, and the population of the Earth is almost universally feel its lack.
Iodine deficiency laboratory method is determined on the basis of the results of a urine test. To estimate the size of the thyroid gland, it is necessary to conduct ultrasound, and to assess the quality of its work to measure the hormone levels of TSH, T
. The common opinion on domestic fogged iodine grid applied to the skin, and deficiency of iodine in the body is not devoid of any scientific basis.
Treatment and prevention of iodine deficiency
For the prevention of iodine deficiency often iodinated table salt. Using sea salt to eliminate iodine deficiency in the body unnecessarily, as in the process of getting almost all the iodine evaporates. At the use of iodized salt iodine overdose is impossible.
For the prevention of iodine deficiency in pregnant used iodine preparations, which are assigned rate, usually in a few weeks. In the most severe and advanced cases of thyroid hormones are used in tablets.