Brief description of the disease
Impetigo - a skin disease, which is caused by streptococcus and staphylococcus. Most often it occurs in children's groups, because the body of any child not effectively fight infections as the body of an adult. In addition, children are more actively communicate with each other and share different things, which also contributes to the rapid spread of the disease. When the diagnosis of impetigo, treatment should be administered as soon as possible, because the infection complication gives the internal organs, causing kidney disease and cardiovascular system.
Causes of the disease
The main precipitating factors include microtrauma, maceration of the skin, getting into the body of pathogenic strains of cocci. Depending on the cause of impetigo in children is divided into primary and secondary. In the latter case the infection is a result of complications of dermatoses, scabies, eczema, or lice.
Impetigo - symptoms and clinical picture
Currently, doctors distinguish strep, staph infections and mixed forms.
Strep impetigo - disease starts with the formation of vesicles (conflict) that rise slightly above the surface of the skin, the size range 2 to 10 mm and surrounded by a narrow rim red
. Eruptions can be either scattered or gathered in separate groups
. In the early stages the contents of the bubble - transparent, but later it becomes cloudy and soon dries up, forming a light yellow brown
. After their dropout are only small, non-pigmented spots
. There are several types of strep impetigo
. Children are most common so-called perleches
. The main symptom of this form is the presence of a bubble in the corner of the mouth
. Its contents are rapidly forms a crust, which is detected by removing a bleeding surface
. Zayed rarely deliver strong pain
. Exceptions are cases except when impetigo affects the oral mucosa
Staphylococcal impetigo (folilikulit) - In this form of the inflammatory process affects the hair follicles. A characteristic symptom of impetigo stefilokokkovogo is the formation of multiple abscesses in the hairy areas of the skin. They are surrounded by pinkish border, and grow up to 5 mm. in diameter. In milder forms of infection contents of pustules dries quickly, leaving a yellow crust which disappears after a few days. If diagnosed deep staphylococcal impetigo in children, treatment should be promptly as pustules delivered the child hurt, and after their opening and healing scars are still visible.
Mixed (vulgar) impetigo - occurs while the presence in the body and streptococcal and staphylococcal infection. In this form of the contents of the bubble (conflict) is both transparent and purulent, and formed after opening the cover - are more massive than the pure forms of the infection. Vulgar impetigo in children and adults is usually on the face, but often the disease process affects the skin and other body parts. Sick as a rule, children and young women. The sources of infection are both strains, and linen, or any other personal items. If the patient has a mixed impetigo treatment is necessary, as the body appear more and more new phlyctenas, and the process of infection can easily spread to a very large area of the skin.
Impetigo - treatment of the disease in children and adults
In most cases, the infection occurs without complications and quite amenable to outpatient treatment. Home tactic in this case - the refusal by washing damaged skin and the use of various medicinal ointments and disinfectants (salicylic or camphor alcohol). New bubbles are opened immediately after the appearance. Then they are treated with ointments and brilliant green, which include antibiotics. This procedure must be repeated for 7-10 days, 3-4 times a day until complete disappearance of the conflict. The dressing on the skin do not impose. After treatment, the damaged areas are treated regularly with alcohol to prevent the recurrence of the disease.
In severe forms in children impetigo, treatment proceeds with the use of antibiotics that are taken orally or by intramuscular injection.
For the entire period of treatment should be restricted to child's communication with peers and observe good personal hygiene (but you can not wash the damaged areas). With responsibility, the right approach prognosis is usually favorable. Nedolechennaya impetigo leads to the formation of new conflicts and the development of complications (nephritis, myocarditis and other diseases).