Hyperventilation syndrome is a vegetative disorder, the main feature of which is the difficulty breathing of the patient. This symptom is hyperventilation syndrome has nothing to do with the problems of the lungs, bronchi or heart. The feeling of lack of air causes abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system field. It monitors the processes of human life, are beyond his consciousness.
However, except for the automatic control of your breathing as a person is able to independently control the frequency of breaths or desired for some time not to breathe. Combined process control system of breathing and is the basis for the development of hyperventilation syndrome. In a state of anxiety or stress, under the influence of fear or fatigue a person may unconsciously change the rhythm or depth of breathing, and then feel the lack of air in the lungs. As a result, he develops a panic attack, even more aggravating for hyperventilation syndrome.
The cause of the hyperventilation syndrome may also serve as a mistrust of man, his exposure to another's influence. The acute shortage of air, people often feel, watching the patients with asthma or shortness of breath. This event can be fixed in the memory of the person and cause of the hyperventilation syndrome after many years.
Hyperventilation syndrome - a fairly common phenomenon. Short bouts of respiratory disorders are observed in 10-15% of the planet's inhabitants. It is also considered one of the most widespread manifestations of the imbalance in the autonomic nervous system of a person.
The symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome
Failures in the program breathing cause changes in the blood. This leads to a number of typical symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome. The patient feels a "tingling" around the body, cramps, stiffness in the muscles, pain in the heart, dizziness, etc.
A man with a bout of hyperventilation syndrome is experiencing panic and trying to control his breathing. Against the background of enhanced deep breaths had been squeezing sensation in the chest and a lump in my throat. For pain in the heart is often joins fibrillation or tachycardia (irregular or fast heart beat). Therefore, patients often take the symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome of heart disease.
Patients with hyperventilation syndrome often concerned about fresh air. They experience anxiety in places where large numbers of people, often ventilate the room, do not like enclosed spaces. These people are focused on their breathing behavior - as manifested neurological symptoms of the hyperventilation syndrome.
Group of various gastrointestinal disorders - another symptom of hyperventilation syndrome. Patients with the disease are common complaints of increased intestinal peristalsis, aerophagia (swallowing air while eating), belching, bloating. Such a wide range of symptoms hyperventilation syndrome makes it difficult to diagnose the disease
Diagnosis of hyperventilation syndrome
The initial phase of diagnosing hyperventilation syndrome based on the exclusion of a number of diseases associated with similar symptoms. Hyperventilation syndrome similar clinical symptoms to lung diseases, endocrine system, heart, intestines.
The minimum plan of inspection patient with suspected hyperventilation syndrome includes counseling therapist, neurologist, cardiologist and endocrinologist. By instrumental methods of diagnosis hyperventilation syndrome include heart EKG, chest x-ray, ultrasound of the thyroid gland.
As rapid diagnostic method used Naymigenovsky questionnaire to assess symptoms of the hyperventilation syndrome.
Treating hyperventilation syndrome
Treating hyperventilation syndrome complex. First, doctors' efforts are aimed at changing the attitude of the patient to the disease. Hyperventilation syndrome is not a serious illness, it does not lead to death or disability. Awareness of this fact - one of the prerequisites for the successful treatment of hyperventilation syndrome.
To restore the normal rhythm of breathing the patient is recommended to perform daily breathing exercises. In severe attacks of hyperventilation syndrome using a technique of breathing into a paper bag. This method allows to rapidly increase the level of carbon dioxide in the blood and therefore is widely used in critical situations during panic patient.
To reduce the level of anxiety of the patient is also expected pharmacological treatment hyperventilation syndrome, namely the use of antidepressants and anxiolytics. It is carried out under the supervision of a neurologist. The duration of drug treatment hyperventilation syndrome is an average of 4-6 months.