Hyperactivity disorder - a disorder that most often seen in children of preschool and early school age. In the sixties
years of the twentieth century, doctors called brain hyperactivity pathological condition associated with certain disorders of brain function. In the eighties, excessive motor activity was called "syndrome disorders (deficit) attention hyperactivity disorder" (ADHD). Aggravating factors for the development of hyperactivity can be complications of pregnancy or childbirth, a wrong way of life of a woman during pregnancy.
Children with hyperactivity disorder is very difficult to focus and control the behavior. Hyperactivity in 1845 first described Dr. Heinrich Hoffman. According to studies, this disorder affected between 2 and 20% of children. Boys hyperactivity disorder occurs in four to five times more often than girls.
Such children in any situation are moving aimlessly in the street, running around and briefly detain attention on specific subjects. The brain is very bad hyperactive child processes information, internal and external stimuli. On inattentive child is not acting request, persuasion and punishment. Under any circumstances the child will be inattentive and impulsive. To understand how to deal with a hyperactive child, you should find out the true cause of this disorder.
The main symptoms of hyperactivity in children
Usually, symptoms of hyperactivity in children first appeared at the age of two to three years. However, most parents bring the child to the doctor, when he starts school. The symptoms of hyperactive behavior in a child usually manifest restlessness, nervousness, anxiety, impulsivity, emotional instability, tearfulness. The child ignores the generally accepted rules and norms of behavior. When hyperactivity is also often a delay of speech development, sometimes have trouble sleeping.
Hyperactive children is very difficult to sit at the table during a school lesson or dinner. They fidget or squirm in their chairs, all touch, twirl feet. Such children often try to do several things simultaneously. However, they rarely think before you do something. Because of excessive impulsivity children are able to show their emotions without restraint, and not to take into account at the same time the consequences of such behavior. Teenager, being hyperactive, usually chooses the matter that brings immediate, albeit small impact. Impulsivity often prevents wait for the result of anything.
Each listed above symptom - a reason for seeking medical attention. Your doctor will tell you how to deal with hyperactivity, how to help the child adapt to society.
Diagnosing hyperactivity based on subjective information gathering, carrying out hardware and psychological examination. At the reception, a doctor interested in the course of pregnancy and childbirth. Expert
He asks about the diseases that the child suffered. Next, the doctor offers a child to perform special tasks (tests). According to the results of tests it evaluates care settings. Hardware survey is to conduct electroencephalographic studies and magnetic resonance imaging. Hardware survey reveals changes in the brain by recording the electrical potentials. According to the results in the future allocate an appropriate treatment of hyperactivity.
Methods of treating hyperactivity in children
Drugs for treatment of hyperactivity help children in their daily lives. To select the right drug and the right dose should consult with your doctor. Many children drugs to treat hyperactivity reduce impulsivity, improves the ability to learn and work. The drugs do not cure hyperactivity. They just control the symptoms of hyperactivity only in the day when they were taken. Medications can improve the coordination needed in sports and writing.
Methods of correction of hyperactivity in children
For correction of hyperactivity when dealing with a hyperactive child is necessary to construct sentences so that there was no any denial. In the event of any conflict situation you should try to remain calm. For correcting hyperactivity in children all the tasks necessary to designate as clearly as possible. When dealing with a child should not use long formulations. During a conversation with the child must try to use short sentences and use long formulations. All orders should be given to your child in a logical sequence. In no event should not be given several instructions simultaneously. Hyperactive children do not feel the time, so before feeding or leaving the walks should be warned about this child for five or ten minutes. A child needs to feel that parents always support him and help cope with the difficulties in school or the garden.