Brief description of the disease
Hygroma - this tumor formation (cyst) under the skin in the form of a cavity filled with fluid. Outwardly, it resembles a ball, driven under the skin. The most common types of the disease - hygroma and hygroma brush joint.
Hygroma hand appears under the skin on the hands, often in the wrist, but can occur on the palms.
Hygroma joint is localized in the bursa joints - wrist, ankle, knee, finger.
Basically, the occurrence of the disease associated with the permanent and the same type of physical stress on the joints and tendons, why it is called an occupational disease of people who perform repetitive hand activities: athletes, musicians, needle women, secretaries, for example. The disease can develop as a complication after injury, bursitis or tenosynovitis. We also know many cases where hygroma come by itself, without apparent and good reasons.
The magnitude hygroma are different - one to six centimeters in diameter.
The illness is often asymptomatic, but may cause pain when the load on the affected joints and tendons, with pressure on the cyst, and when she reached the large size.
Visual inspection of Education under the skin, similar in appearance hygroma brush or hygroma joint doctor should assess its size, shape, and correctly identify the exclusion of other tumor diseases, abscesses and arterial aneurysm. In some cases, for more detailed analysis is conducted of the fluid sampling puncture hygroma and X-ray examination.
At the beginning of disease and at small sizes hygroma treatment can be carried out with the help of local paraffin and mud application, physiotherapy procedures.
If local treatment does not bring the desired results or cyst has reached a large size, the procedure prescribed removal hygroma. This can be done in two ways:
- laser damage hygroma (held without damaging the surrounding tissue);
Practice and mixed treatment - education reveal surgically and further treatment is carried out with the help of medication. This often occurs when the festering content hygroma, which after its opening was aspirated, and the resulting wound cleaned and drained.
Opening and removal hygroma is usually carried out under local anesthesia, the operation lasts about 20-30 minutes. The stitches can be removed after 7-10 days. If hygroma large or complex location, sometimes the decision to have surgery to remove hygroma under general anesthesia.
Proper and effective treatment can be selected only after examination by a qualified physician.
It is not safe to treat yourself hygroma and try to crush it. This causes the content to leak in tissue cysts, and as a result - in their suppuration, inflammation. In most cases, after this treatment hygroma reduced and even crushed into smaller.
To prevent the disease must be as small as possible subject to constant injuries joints, tendons and tissue on them to properly distribute the load on the limb. You can practice dressing joints, tendons taut elastic bandages.
It is also time to pay attention and treat injuries and diseases that can cause hygroma, wear comfortable shoes and a properly fitted prosthesis.