Hemorrhagic vasculitis is an aseptic inflammation of microvessels, which is accompanied by the formation microthrombi and vascular lesions of the skin and sometimes internal organs.
Features hemorrhagic vasculitis
When hemorrhagic vasculitis defeat exposed skin vessels, the digestive organs, kidneys and joints. Often, the disease occurs on the background of vaccination or previous infection of the respiratory tract.
Hemorrhagic vasculitis in children is associated with food allergies and insect bites, and in adults is caused by inflammation of the medication.
Often hemorrhagic vasculitis in children occurs after hypothermia and severe viral disease. This inflammation is acute, fulminant and chronic in nature, and the activity of the inflammatory process may be normal, moderate and high. The shape of the spread distinguish skin, joint, abdominal, renal inflammation and mixed. This inflammation can cause blood vessels of the digestive tract and cause internal bleeding.
Hemorrhagic vasculitis is likely between the ages of 17 to 22 years, but the peak of the disease accounts for patients aged 10 to 16 years.
Causes and symptoms of hemorrhagic vasculitis
The main causes of hemorrhagic vasculitis are infectious diseases, including sore throat, flu and colds, scarlet fever and chicken pox. In the development of the disease damaged capillary walls, as well as increased production of immune complexes.
It is also a common cause of hemorrhagic vasculitis are injuries, exposure to cold, allergies, drug intolerance and failed vaccination.
The primary symptoms are skin lesions, which are expressed in redness, rashes and darkening on the joints, legs and buttocks. Within a few days the rash is increased, and after removal of pigmentation and is peeling.
Severe symptoms of hemorrhagic vasculitis is a joint disease involving inflammation and joint pain. In general, patients hurt large joints, develops juxta-articular swelling and deformation sometimes occurs.
Hemorrhagic vasculitis may manifest as pain in the digestive tract, which are combined with indigestion, cramps and diarrhea. Pain syndrome can be both temporary and permanent. In some cases, patients have intestinal bleeding.
The disease can affect the lungs, cause coughing and shortness of breath. On the part of the cardiovascular system may experience cramps, arrhythmia and tachycardia.
As a result, the impact on the brain hemorrhagic vasculitis in children can cause inflammation of the meninges. Patients occur dizziness, headache, and loss of coordination.
The consequences of hemorrhagic vasculitis may be severe lesions of internal organs, as well as thrombocytopenia, atherosclerosis, sexual dysfunction and dysfunction of the brain.
Treatment of hemorrhagic vasculitis
Treatment of hemorrhagic vasculitis depends on the phase of the disease and clinical forms of its manifestation. The most easily treatable patients with mild and moderate phase of the disease, and severe stages of the disease are observed flow elements necrosis, angioedema, severe stomach pain, renal failure, bleeding, and nephrotic syndrome.
In all forms of the disease prescribed antiplatelet agents, including Trental, chimes, etc. persantin In the severe stages of the flow of hemorrhagic vasculitis drugs can be combined. The duration of treatment is: the mild 2-3 months, with the average - up to 6 months and in severe - up to 1, 5 years.
Treatment of hemorrhagic vasculitis chronic type holds regular courses lasting 4-5 months. In order to eliminate skin rashes and other symptoms prescribe anticoagulants, which are selected individually according to the physical condition of the patient and diagnostic indications. Introduction to belly fat Heparin is indicated for the removal of the serious injuries of the digestive system. The course of treatment lasts 20-30 days.
In treating hemorrhagic vasculitis used as an activator of fibrinolysis nicotinic acid and xantinol, and Teonikol komplamin.
Therapy transfusion type held the children's severe stages of the disease. The course of treatment lasts 10-15 days. The composition of this therapy are low molecular weight solutions, a mixture of procaine and antispasmodic drugs.
For the treatment of allergic disease type can be assigned antihistamines. Doctor prescribes a course of treatment Tavegilom, suprastin or Phencarolum 5-10 days.
An additional means of treatment of hemorrhagic vasculitis is a special diet with the use of hypoallergenic products containing nutrients. The main diet is apple, diet chicken and rabbit, stewed fruits and berries, green tea, oatmeal and herbs.