The tendency of the human body to prolonged bleeding and bleeding is called hemophilia, a disease refers to a group of hemorrhagic diathesis (from "hemorrhage" - bleeding and "diathesis" - predisposition).
Bleeding in hemophilia occur spontaneously, for no apparent reason, and they are difficult to stop using conventional means. The first historical information about the disease hemophilia are in the Talmud, which describes the boys' deaths as a result of ritual circumcision in the second century BC.
Causes of Hemophilia
The main reasons which cause the disease hemophilia, scientists refer hereditary factors. Genetically defective blood coagulation is inherited from generation to generation, and the carrier of the defective gene is only the female body, and hemophiliacs, as a rule, is a man. In fairness, it is worth noting that there are scientifically described cases of hemophilia women, but these cases are extremely rare and occur when both parents are carriers of a sick girl a damaged gene.
By transmitting the disease to their children, a woman "conductor" itself remains healthy, her sons are doomed to disease hemophilia, and daughter also become carriers of the gene hidden until then, until you give it to your children. Therefore, to interrupt pathological chain can only be the only way to take advantage brutal enough advice geneticists and carefully plan the birth of future offspring. In accordance with the recommendations of modern genetics, women-bearer should not have children at all, and in the families of hemophiliacs healthy men and women must be born only sons, pregnant girls, women are encouraged to go through the procedure of abortion.
Currently, scientists have not yet found a way to help you troubleshoot the cause of hemophilia today is, unfortunately, impossible, since it lies in the human genetic code. Hemophiliacs nothing left to do but how to learn to live with this disease and to get used to the fact that his body every day require special precautions and extremely careful attitude.
Diagnosis of Hemophilia
The first signs of hemophilia in children attentive parent can notice even at an early age. Pronounced symptoms of hemophilia are when the baby starts to stand on their own feet and develop its surroundings. This period begins the first time to the inevitable bruises and abrasions, without which no cost, no first steps, no skill with unfamiliar objects.
A characteristic feature of the disease hemophilia, enabling timely and clearly diagnose it is the inadequacy of the body's reaction to the child's injuries. Even a small bruise or a tiny scratch causes excessive bleeding and prolonged bleeding from the intermuscular in space and form a huge hematoma. The bruises and hematoma in hemophilia disease for a long time do not resolve, getting gradually shades from blue to blue-yellow-green.
Symptoms of hemophilia
When the disease is hemophilia bleeding, their nature and duration differ significantly from bleeding in a healthy person. Minor damage to tissue, even during ordinary injection may long time (several weeks) bleed forming subcutaneous hematoma.
Frequent phenomenon in hemophilia - severe nosebleeds that are hard to stop the conventional methods in such cases. They may also show symptoms of hematuria - blood in the urine. In newborns with hemophilia during childbirth are formed extensive bruising to the head (kefalokematomy), then the umbilical cord bleeding occurs later, and then when the first teeth. All of the above symptoms of hemophilia have to draw parents' attention to the pathological condition of the child and get them in time to see a specialist.
Treatment of Hemophilia
As mentioned above, the treatment of hemophilia, permanently relieves the patient of the disease to date does not exist. But there is the possibility of permanent control over it using regular injections of the missing enzyme clotting generated from donor material.
The disease is hemophilia is extremely dangerous, especially in childhood and adolescence, when often not diagnosed correctly and without medical support measures there is a real risk of death. Timely treatment to the doctor when the disease hemophilia in childhood is a measure of favorable currents and stabilization of the body of the child.
Qualified treatment of hemophilia, and constant monitoring of the progress of the disease should be performed only by experienced specialist - a haematologist. Each patient with hemophilia must know and remember that it is absolutely contraindicated to receive the following drugs: aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), analgin, indomethacin, and brufen butazolidiny.