We all met in the lives of the people on whose face was more "birthmarks" though hemangioma birthmark is not. Hemangioma - a benign vascular tumor, having the form of red, purple, or blue spots, flat or raised above the skin, which can take up a large area - from 0, 5 cm to 10-15 cm in diameter.
Hemangioma in children is the most common type of tumor. Her favorite localization - on the face or neck, although there are hemangiomas and other parts of the body, and even internal organs hemangioma. Hemangioma rarely capable of causing injury, usually a hemangioma of the internal organs - the most rare type of hemangiomas. But being located in open areas of the body, having a large size and thrown into the eyes of others, a hemangioma can significantly influence the psycho-emotional state, degrading him, especially when it comes to girls. By the way, the girls hemangioma appears more often than boys.
The causes of hemangioma researchers have learned so far, but long-term observations and statistics led to several assumptions.
Since there is a hemangioma in children and infants, it has been a violation during the prenatal period of development of the child. It is taking some medicines pregnant woman, poor environmental conditions in the community, perhaps transferred during pregnancy viral disease. Also, the appearance of hemangiomas in children suspected endocrine disruption, as observed dependence of gender - girls more often it occurs.
Manifestations of hemangiomas
Previously it was believed that the neonatal hemangioma is not shown, and the first signs of aged hemangiomas arise from several weeks to three months. However, in recent years increasingly recorded cases of hemangiomas in infants. Pediatricians find it difficult to say why, and suggest that blame for the deterioration of the environment.
Hemangioma in newborns usually takes the form of a small spot. Spot color can vary from light pink to purple-bluish. Typically, hemangiomas neonates are dark pink, or light red color.
As already mentioned, this spot may not appear immediately, but when the baby turns a few weeks. Hemangiomas in children are usually not recognized immediately as a vascular tumor. Speck - a small and dim, and the parents just treated its anti-inflammatory ointments. However, the spot begins to grow, and sometimes this growth is quite rapid. Typically, the growth in children hemangioma darkens. Growing hemangiomas in children under one year, then the growth stops.
Typically, the surface hemangioma causes no particular symptoms but external. Hemangiomas arranged inside can have different symptoms, depending on the location and extent of exposure of the surrounding tissue.
The appearance of hemangiomas, as well as its impact on health is largely dependent on the location and type of tumor.
Hemangioma in children has the following location (list descending)
- scalp, especially the nape;
- Facial eyelids (including the inside of the century), the nose, the cheeks;
- oral cavity;
- the genitals;
- upper torso;
- internal organs, bones, etc.
The following types of hemangiomas:
- simple (capillary) hemangioma. It may be flat, hilly-nodular, nodular-flattened. Has a red, purple or bluish color, clear boundaries, is located on the surface of the skin. When pressing the spot fades;
- cavernous (cavernous) hemangioma. Located under the skin, it takes the form node, usually rough, coated or intact skin, or the skin a bluish tint. When pressed node collapses;
- Combined hemangioma. It combines the features of a simple and cavernous vascular tumor;
- Mixed hemangioma. Hemangiomas, in which a tumor process involving not only vessels, and other tissues. Kind of hemangiomas varies depending on their composition.
Treatment of hemangiomas
There is no consensus about how and at what age is best to treat hemangiomas, and pursue it at all, does not exist. The reason for the differences is that sometimes hemangiomas disappear for seven years without any intervention. Therefore, some pediatricians believe that before this age need only monitor the tumor.
Another part of the doctors are inclined to think that the removal of hemangiomas is necessary, and it must be done as soon as possible without letting the tumor grow. Scars of the child, the operated up to six months, are left in a later age is cosmetic effects worse. Another argument for the removal of hemangiomas: self disappears only a fifth of hemangiomas, and in most cases it is - hemangioma, located in closed areas of the body clothing.
The need for the removal of hemangiomas is not in doubt only if it is located near vital organs, and represents a threat to them: on the mucous membrane of the mouth, on the inside of the eyelid or nose, internal organs or bones, genitals, where it will be permanently injured.
Treatment hemangiomas can be conservative. Typically, conservative therapy is prescribed for extensive hemangioma tumors. For this purpose, administered hormones. Separate treatment of hormonal drugs - is unacceptable because of the possibility of serious side effects.
Surgical treatment of hemangiomas, superficial, produced mainly by modern means sparing surgery: cryodestruction, laser action, the introduction of sclerosing agents (drugs that cause blood vessels, which make up a tumor to grow together) or a combination of these methods. Previously accepted method of removing hemangioma using electrocoagulation now hardly used as very painful. Classical surgical removal of hemangiomas is used for internal location of the tumor.
Hemangiomas Treatment folk remedies
Hemangiomas Treatment folk remedies - is quite common. For example, to this end, it recommends the use of the juice of celandine. However, pediatricians are strongly recommended to treat hemangiomas folk remedies.
Soft drugs such as herbal teas and herbal infusions are not able to affect the tumor vasculature, and potent means as the same juice of celandine and other cauterizing substance may cause ulceration of the tumor and the subsequent accession of secondary infection.
In addition, though very rarely, and only some species, but it may ozlokachestvlyatsya hemangioma, that is, from benign tumors become malignant. Therefore, treatment of hemangiomas folk remedies allowed only in the form of the use of broth of herbs, having disinfecting and styptic effect when the hemangioma was slightly injured.