Basic information about the disease
Surprisingly, when abroad Haemophilus influenzae subject to mandatory vaccination, that in our country the situation is different. Many parents do not know that such a Haemophilus influenzae, and therefore do not take any measures to prevent infection. However, doctors neutral position on this issue is understandable, because the vaccination should be carried out by the state, but the fight against Haemophilus influenzae is not provided national immunization schedule and any funds not allocated to it.
To be honest, this situation is slightly scary. Pathogens Hib live in the upper respiratory tract of any person. As a rule, they are not dangerous for healthy people, but weakened immunity Haemophilus influenzae begin to proliferate and provokes the emergence of a "bouquet" sores, including: meningitis, pneumonia, epiglottitis, and purulent cellulitis. The risk group includes people who have had serious illnesses, and children under the age of 5 years, at which the body still can not produce its own antibodies against infection. The peak incidence occurs in 6-12 months when the body of the child protection systems are no longer supported the mother's milk and begin to work on their own.
To date, 40% of children are carriers of Hib, and at any moment it can go into an active phase and begin its destructive work. Concern is the fact that the infection is easily transmitted through airborne droplets or by direct contact with things the sick person.
Why not carried out vaccination of the population?
To answer this question, you must be aware of some features of Haemophilus influenzae. Doctors know 6 types of pathogens Haemophilus influenzae, but only one of them - namely, the type B, is a threat to children and adults. It would seem that the problem is simplified, but it's just confusing. The fact is that Haemophilus influenzae, treatment that seems a matter of technique, it is extremely resistant to antibiotics. On all sides it is surrounded by a kind of capsule. This protective sheath successfully restrains the main components of medicines and, in addition, complicates the production of antibodies. As a result, the percentage stability Haemophilus influenzae to penicillin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline and other antibiotics of from 80 to 100%.
Treatment of Hib very difficult and because of the imperfection of the domestic diagnostic technologies. Kits that can detect Haemophilus influenzae, made only abroad and are quite expensive. This is one of the main reasons for rejection of universal vaccination against Hib.
Why vaccination is still necessary?
We have already mentioned that the Haemophilus influenzae contributes to a host of other diseases. Scientific studies have shown that many children after vaccination in general have ceased to hurt or sick ARI no more than 1-2 times a year. In addition, there are two good reasons to deal with the consequences, which are caused by Haemophilus influenzae. Vaccines help:
- reduce to zero the probability of "catch" meningitis or pneumonia in the early years of a child's life;
- prepare the child for a permanent dialogue with peers is inevitable when visiting a kindergarten and a school. It was during this period increases the frequency of the transferred baby infections. Vaccination reduces the risk of infection and the development of serious complications.
Haemophilus influenzae - treatment and prevention of disease
Since the mass vaccination in our country is not carried out - would have to rely only on themselves, good in recent years, new means to combat Haemophilus influenzae. One of them - a protein conjugate vaccines, which are quite successfully cope with the infection. In Russia, widespread drug received the French Act-HIB from the company Avensti Pasteur.
The vaccine is shown to children from 2 months. It contains tetanus toxoid, which enhances the immune response. If the child appeared Haemophilus influenzae, Hib vaccination Act, reduce the risk of infections and secondary diseases.
The use of the vaccine for children of different age groups:
- up to 6 months - 3 injections with an interval of 2 months. A year after the third injection is administered a booster dose;
- from 6 to 12 months - two injections with an interval of 1 month. A booster dose - 18 months;
- from 1 year to 5 years - 1 injection.
There may be short-lived side effects: redness at the injection site, irritability, drowsiness.