What is gingivitis
Official health statistics show that more than 70% of our population in varying degrees, suffer from bleeding gums. One of the most common causes of this condition is gingivitis - an inflammatory disease accompanied by swelling and bleeding gums. Gingivitis in children and adults is caused by bacterial activity, active reproduction which leads to irritation and inflammatory processes. If untreated, the disease progresses and causes more serious consequences, such as periodontal disease, fraught with loss and prosthetics.
The most likely cause of gingivitis - poor oral health, failure to comply with the elementary rules of hygiene. In addition, the disease is triggered by certain medications, low immunity, overbite and mechanical injury of the gums. Regardless of the reasons why there was gingivitis, treatment of the disease should begin as soon as possible. The urgency of remedial measures associated with both the risk of periodontal disease, and the fact that gingivitis can be just a symptom of systemic diseases (beriberi, diabetes, herpes, allergies, leukopenia). Accordingly, the faster it identified the cause of gum disease, the higher the chance of avoiding serious consequences.
Gingivitis - symptoms
Manifestations depend on the form of gingivitis disease. Today the most common catarrhal gingivitis, which has the following symptoms:
- discomfort in the gums;
- reducing the sensitivity of taste buds;
- bleeding gums during brushing or meals;
- swelling of the gums;
- high content of plaque.
This form of the disease characterized by periods of relapse and remission. The general condition of patients varies slightly, but during acute catarrhal gingivitis can cause a feeling of malaise and low-grade temperature. Note also that the acute catarrhal gingivitis whose symptoms manifest themselves during periods of eruption and change of teeth differs pronounced signs of illness, but respond well to treatment. The chronic form is more dangerous because virtually no signs of inflammation and thus - Treatment starts when the bacteria leads to the development of periodontal disease and other diseases of the oral cavity.
Hypertrophic gingivitis - chronic inflammatory process that snap off the front portions of both jaws and the surrounding soft tissue. In some cases, hypertrophic gingivitis in children is only an early symptom of disorders of the endocrine system and diseases of the blood, so its manifestations should be taken with the utmost seriousness. Characteristic features of this form - is:
- a significant increase in the size of the gums;
- itching, bleeding and pain, worse when eating;
- bad breath;
- the presence of plaque firmly fused with the teeth.
In milder forms of gingivitis symptoms are mild. Patients hardly complain and complain not only an unusual increase in the gums. For moderate and severe forms are characterized by pronounced signs of inflammation accompanied by severe pain.
Ulcerative Gingivitis (necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis) - is a consequence not finished the cure catarrhal form. For the initial stages of the disease characterized by itching, swelling of the gums, easy bleeding. Then ulcerative gingivitis leads to necrosis and ulceration, covered with a gray or dirty-green patina. Patients feel a lot of pain when eating, putrid breath, complain of increased separation of viscous saliva and sleep disorders.
Gingivitis - Treatment of diseases
Since catarrhal gingivitis is often the result of acute infectious diseases (scarlet fever, measles, mononucleosis, diphtheria), initial activities are reduced to the identification of the main causes of the disease. Local anesthesia therapy involves the gums, prevention of secondary infections, decrease swelling of tissues. Catarrhal gingivitis in children treated with steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamin-mineral complexes and plant phenolic compounds. The last action of different soft, non-toxic and do not have serious side effects, so they are widely used in childhood and adolescence.
Treatment of hypertrophic gingivitis depends on the severity of symptoms and the clinical picture of inflammation
. In most cases, the involvement of experts from other areas of medicine (eg, neuropsychiatrist, if gingivitis is associated with taking anticonvulsants, or endocrinologist if the disease develops on the background of hormonal disorders)
. Also, the doctor should take care of the removal of local adverse factors - low-quality orthodontic appliances, malocclusion, dental plaque, bad seals
. When the diagnosis of hypertrophic gingivitis treatment is based on the elimination of inflammation and exudative phenomena
. To do this, conducted anti-inflammatory therapy, used hygiene products and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
. In addition, patients are recommended natural antibacterial drugs and herbal astringents - sage, yarrow herb, decoction of nettle leaves
Necrotizing Gingivitis is characterized by tissue necrosis and inflammatory infiltration in the connective gum base, so plan remedial measures be drawn up taking into account the severity of the clinical course of the disease, age of the patient, the pathogenesis of the disease and the results of bacteriological examination. Patients were assigned to drink plenty, a diet rich in proteins and vitamins, antihistamines. Launched ulcerative gingivitis may require prompt surgical intervention.