General characteristics of the disease
Genital herpes is called a viral disease characterized by a specific rash blisters on the mucous membranes of the genitals. Among the eight different types of herpes simplex virus type II genital herpes is second virus type I, striking the man's face.
The carrier of the virus of genital herpes is about every 5th inhabitant of the Earth. Indicate the herpes virus type I count to 95% of the world population. The disease is transmitted by contact, and the virus stays with a person for life, no matter if they have symptoms of the patient's symptoms of genital herpes. With the weakening of immunity induced by seasonal SARS, stress or aggravation of chronic diseases, there is another manifestation of the disease.
Genital herpes is more common in women than in men. For more susceptible dark-skinned population. But this pattern is not caused by genetic background, and worse care of their health and fewer opportunities quality care. Especially dangerous genital herpes in women during pregnancy: 95% of cases occur in utero fetal infection with a virus, it is fraught with death or profound disability.
Symptoms of genital herpes
Severity of the symptoms of genital herpes has infected person is deeply individual. The primary episode of genital diseases närpes longest and dangerous. Symptoms of genital herpes this period include fever, headache and muscle pain, similar to flu symptoms. In men, genital herpes manifested by single or multiple rash blisters on the penis, scrotum, thighs, at the anus and buttocks. In the primary genital herpes in women is observed massive virus attack the cervix, vagina and vulva. Genital herpes in women in the primary period usually occurs less pronounced than in women.
Additional symptoms of genital herpes include swollen lymph nodes throughout the body, and painful urination at defeat virus urinary tract. Symptoms of genital herpes in women is often mistaken for signs of symptoms of yeast or bacterial vaginosis.
In secondary or recurrent episode of genital herpes disease symptoms are less pronounced. Before re-outbreak patient usually feels a tingling sensation in the genital area. Secondary symptoms of genital herpes is usually limited to inflammation of the lymph nodes in the groin area and the appearance of blisters on the genitals. Recurrences of genital herpes in men and women do not last more than 6-12 days, but may be repeated up to 7 times a year.
Diagnosis of genital herpes
In the diagnosis of the disease is made virological seeding cell samples taken from the site of affected tissue. The second method for identifying genital herpes - PCR (polymerase chain reaction) of blood used in the diagnosis of most differentsionnoy gynecological and obstetric infections. It is also possible microbiological detection of genital herpes via antigen or tests for detection of antibodies to the virus in human blood.
Treatment of genital herpes
In the treatment of genital herpes antiviral medications are used. During the initial episode of the patient is usually given a 5-day course of antiviral therapy, even if at the time of treatment of the patient to the doctor the symptoms of genital herpes almost disappeared.
To reduce the discomfort of itching or weeping sores in the genital area, apply analgesics and baths with brine. A similar treatment of recurrent genital herpes during episodes of illness can significantly reduce the severity of symptoms. Admission antiviral medication is recommended to start at the first sign of the resumption of the disease.
Home treatment of genital herpes is frequent intimate hygiene (up to 3-4 times per day). Genital herpes in men and women also suggests wearing comfortable underwear made of natural fabrics,
Prevention of Genital Herpes
To prevent infection with genital herpes it is important to always use personal hygiene items. The probability of contracting the virus is minimal, if you practice safe sex by using a condom as a contraceptive. An effective vaccine against the virus of genital herpes in men and women at the moment, unfortunately, does not exist.
Worth has read the reasons for gynecological diseases may occur on the site condom4ik.ru. Knowing the reason in many cases, the disease can be prevented, it is always easier than cure.