If after a meal you suddenly felt a sharp pain in the stomach, nausea or dizziness, you should know that one of the most common causes of these symptoms is food poisoning. This problem occurs after eating food that had been contaminated by bacterial toxins or impurities of various chemical substances. From this article you'll learn about the symptoms of food poisoning, their causes, the development of the disease, as well as the provision of emergency medical care for food poisoning sick and activities that help to prevent similar situations.
Types of food poisoning
All food poisoning can be divided into two groups: bacterial and non-bacterial
. The first group includes problems caused by bacterial toxins, viruses and bacteria
. Non-bacterial food poisoning in children and adults is caused by ingestion of chemicals or after eating poisonous mushrooms and herbs
. Given the many causes that trigger food poisoning, it is not surprising variety of symptoms
. Patients may experience pain in the stomach, suffer from constant vomiting, nausea and fever, and in the most severe cases - from kidney, liver, and neurological syndromes
. They cause serious complications, so if in any doubt about food poisoning, treatment should begin as soon as possible
. It is advisable that the patient was given first aid before the arrival of doctors
. For information on how to do this, we will describe in the relevant section of this article
In the meantime, a closer look at bacterial poisoning. As a rule, they provoked eating food that contains pathogens and toxins. The agents of food poisoning are: Proteus, Klebsiella, Clostridium, Staphylococcus, E. coli strains, and other microorganisms. They accumulate in the food in violation of hygiene standards in enterprises engaged in food production, as well as improper transportation and storage. It is noted that food poisoning symptoms which usually appear almost immediately after reception of poor quality food may develop even after prolonged heat treatment of products. This is due to the fact that staphylococci and many other types of bacteria are resistant to boiling and bad feeling when exposed to high temperatures.
How do you determine that the food is infected? First of all, you should pay attention to the smell, taste and color. Spoiled food allocate a specific unpleasant smell and have a sour taste. Furthermore, they have changed the consistency. One of the obvious signs of unsuitable products are also gas bubbles. Especially good they are visible on the surface of milk and other liquid food. However, the symptoms of food poisoning may even occur after eating foods with normal organoleptic qualities. Such a situation, for example, in cases where the toxins enter the food chain, which is prepared infected person.
Symptoms of food poisoning
The clinical picture of food poisoning is dependent on the type and quantity of ingested pathogens unusable food. The most common symptoms of food poisoning - it is:
- temperature rise;
- loss of appetite;
- repeated calls to stool;
- blurred vision;
- nausea, vomiting;
- excessive salivation;
- some disorders in the central nervous system, or complete failure of the entire nervous system, which is often the case in botulism.
The first symptoms of food poisoning occur within 30-40 minutes after eating contaminated food. During the next 2-3 days, they grow. During this period, the patient must be given emergency assistance in food poisoning. Otherwise, there is a very real risk of death or severe complications that can lead to disability and loss of efficiency. Especially dangerous in this regard, infections such as botulism and listeriosis. The first is characterized by extremely rapid progression, and the second - the lack of visible symptoms of food poisoning. In pregnant women, listeriosis results in fetal abnormalities and early childbirth, so expectant mothers should be very careful about the choice of food.
First aid for food poisoning
If it is suspected that nausea, vomiting and other symptoms caused by alarming is food poisoning, you should immediately do gastric lavage with a weak solution of manganese or soda. Rinsing is done as long as no water comes out clean. Also, patient food poisoning should drink activated charcoal, washed down with plenty of liquid. From fizzy drinks should be abandoned in favor of fruit drinks or tea. Drinking plenty of fluids will help to compensate for dehydration, which inevitably develops with severe vomiting and diarrhea.
Currently, food poisoning, as well as the strong alcohol intoxication use modern sorbents, one of which is white coal. The drug effectively absorbs toxins and removes toxins, but it does not take the necessary body nutrients. What is especially worth mentioning - is that white corner is the "concentrated" sorbent and instead of the usual handful of a lot of black coal can drink only 1-2 tablets white.
After washing the stomach, food poisoning, the patient is necessary to ensure peace, to make a water bottle at his feet and wait for the arrival of doctors. You can give the patient a sulfonamide (ftalazol, sulgin) or antibiotics. Just remember that if developing food poisoning in children taking any strong drugs need to agree with the experts.
Preventing food poisoning
To minimize the risk of food poisoning can be the case if you follow a simple but effective rules:
- maintain cleanliness in the kitchen and living areas;
- follow basic rules of personal hygiene;
- Only use food products from well-known, well-established producers;
- to store perishable foods in the refrigerator;
- comply with the requirements, which are set by the manufacturer in particular, to use open cans during the specified date;
- kept closed bins;
- thoroughly wash produce before eating and do not forget about their heat treatment.