Follicular ovarian cyst is called a benign formation of hollow coming of the largest (dominant) follicle in the absence of its rupture and release of the egg, that is, ovulation. Follicular cysts - the most common form of all ovarian tumors. She never degenerates into a malignant tumor (not maligniziruetsya).
The disease usually occurs in women of reproductive age, but very rarely follicular cyst can occur in women in the first years of menopause, as well as in newborn girls.
Follicular cyst: Causes
Follicular cysts occur as a result of various hormonal disorders, ie due to the neuroendocrine regulation of ovarian function. Hormonal imbalance in women may develop due to the following reasons:
- Chronic stress;
- Physical and mental fatigue;
- Irregular sexual life;
- Poor nutrition;
- Gynecological surgery;
In the treatment of infertility sometimes resorted to conduct ovarian hyperstimulation, which may lead to bilateral follicular cysts.
As we have said, the newborn girls can also be observed follicular cyst, which is a cause of excess estrogen in the body of the mother and intrauterine effect on the fetus.
Follicular cysts are endangered, ie able to resolve on their own, subject to the normalization of hormonal levels. If they persist for more than two menstrual cycles, they are called persistent.
Follicular cysts: Symptoms
The majority of patients the main symptom is the appearance of follicular cysts feeling of fullness or heaviness in the left or right side of the groin. With the growth of cysts, pain, aggravated by a sudden change in body position, intercourse, exertion. As a rule, all these uncomfortable feelings occur in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, ie After ovulation and the expected approximately 14 days before the next menstrual period.
Another symptom of the follicular cyst is a low basal temperature in the second phase of the menstrual cycle. In most cases it does not exceed 36, 8 degrees C. In addition, a symptom of follicular cysts are also different, and menstrual irregularities.
Follicular cyst: Complications
Follicular ovarian cyst can lead to the development of these life-threatening complications of the woman:
- Torsion of a cyst. It occurs during exercise or intercourse. The woman appears sharp colicky pain in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting. Very fast developing intestinal paresis, blood pressure falls, tachycardia increases. When follicular ovarian cyst torsion emergency surgery is needed. If you are delayed seeking medical help develop peritonitis, which makes the prognosis is very serious.
- Follicular rupture of ovarian cysts. At the time of rupture of the capsule cysts woman feels a sudden sharp pain in the lower abdomen, as if she was stabbed. Because of the severe pain a woman takes the forced hunched posture. When you break the follicular cyst occurs internal bleeding. It is characterized by increasing general weakness, pale skin, fall in blood pressure, tachycardia, rise, the emergence of the cold sticky sweat. Treatment of follicular cysts rupture operative. The operation is performed on emergency indications.
Follicular cysts: treatment
Since the cause of follicular cysts is a hormonal imbalance, the treatment of this disease should begin with the normalization of hormonal levels. Women are advised to respect the day and eat right. If necessary vitamins and minerals are administered in tablets. When overweight is recommended weight loss. Often the loss of only a few kilograms of weight leads to normalization of hormone levels and follicular cyst self absorbed. At the same time we treat with chronic diseases of the thyroid gland and digestive system. If all these methods do not contribute to the resorption of the cyst, the woman referred to a gynecologist-endocrinologist for the purpose of hormone therapy.
Surgical treatment of follicular cysts is done only in case of failure of conservative therapy as well as in case of complications of the disease.