Brief description of the disease
Erythrasma - a skin disease, which is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum. The disease affects the upper layer of the skin, has not spread to the hair and nails. If you examine the skin under Wood's lamp, the affected areas will be red. Most often affects men erythrasma.
Causes of erythrasma
The main causes of erythrasma considered excessive sweating, changing the normal skin pH to the alkaline side, maceration, mechanical damage to the skin, a permanent stay in a warm and humid environment.
The causative agent of erythrasma may long to dwell on the skin, but under favorable conditions for bacteria to disease progression occurs.
Erythrasma - a contagious disease can be transmitted through everyday, using other people's personal care, on the beach, in the pool, as well as through sexual contact with a sick or a carrier of infection.
The symptoms of erythrasma
Due to the nature of the structure of the skin and sweating, erythrasma is more common in men. The main localization of disease - skin folds. Here the bacteria are the most favorable conditions: humidity and high temperature. The favorite habitat of the bacteria are inner thighs, armpits and groin. Erythrasma occurs in the interdigital folds on the foreskin of the penis, in the folds of the stomach. Women erythrasma may occur under the breasts. Erythrasma is more common in older people.
It manifested in the form of the disease spots with clear boundaries, color - from red to brown shade to yellow-pink. The spot size can vary from a subtle point to several centimeters. Form spot - round. The edge may have a more intense color. Spots can coalesce, forming large lesions. With the development of erythrasma observed peeling of the skin.
Erythrasma may does not manifest itself, and the patient may notice spots on the body accidentally. When you join secondary infection may itch and soreness at the site of the lesion.
Erythrasma may take chronic with periods of exacerbation and remission. Most often, the disease is exacerbated in the summer, because this time of year are the most favorable conditions for the breeding of bacteria and life.
Erythrasma is diagnosed on the basis of examination of the patient and radiographic lesions under Wood's lamp. Under the rays of the lamp affected areas are coral-red hue due to the evolution of water-soluble porphyrin bacteria. It should be remembered that before diagnosing erythrasma using Wood's lamp can not be washed or something to handle the affected areas, as the coloring pigment, which was isolated microorganisms can slip away.
Identify possible at the inguinal erythrasma characteristic ridges on the edges. The skin maceration while there appears inflammation, bubbles.
Erythrasma groin must be separated from rubromikoza groin. Symptoms are similar, but rubromikoze edge broken, and inguinal erythrasma has a solid edge of defeat.
For the treatment of erythrasma used disinfectant ointment such as eritromitsinovaya or sulfur-tar.
Erythrasma treatment using ointments lasts seven days, during this period must be twice a day, rub the ointment into the lesion. When you join the infection can be treated lesions 5% salicylic alcohol or 2% alcohol tincture of iodine.
If the disease has an extensive zone of destruction, carried out erythrasma treatment with antibiotics.
To achieve the best effect in the treatment of erythrasma recommend sunbathe or spend ultraviolet irradiation. They contribute to the drying of the skin and faster healing.
In identifying erythrasma all bedding, towels, and clothing used by the patient, should be disinfected. During treatment, erythrasma clothes worn by the patient, it is necessary to wash and iron hot iron every day.
To prevent re-infection every day for a month after recovery must be treated skin folds 2% salicylic alcohol and sprinkle talcum powder.
Prevention erythrasma includes compliance with all health standards, conducting everyday hygiene procedures, careful wiping skin folds after the adoption of a bath or shower.
An important factor in the prevention of erythrasma is to prevent sweating. You must wear clothes made of natural fabrics, use deodorant sweat, as well as to monitor the hygiene of skin folds. Buying new clothes before wearable it is necessary to wash.
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