Brief description of the disease
Eczema - an allergic disease characterized by recurrent and significant area of skin lesions. The disease is the body's response to irritants and is based on the phenomenon of spongiosa (inflammation of the epidermis, followed by accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space of the skin).
In the case that a person is diagnosed eczema, selection methods of treatment will depend on the type and intensity of allergic disease process. Doctors distinguish true, seborrheic, disgidroticheskuyu, dry, weeping and professional form of the disease. They manifest themselves in different ways. In some people have eczema on the hands, others - on the legs or in the chest and abdomen. Whatever it was, but eczema can occur at any age and in any area of the skin that gives the patient a physical and psychological discomfort.
Eczema - symptoms
Clinical signs of disease depend on the form of allergic reactions. Nevertheless, there are a few common symptoms. Primarily, it is necessary to include redness and swelling it. Initially, a person has small nodules that progresses rapidly grow into vials filled with fluid or pus, and then burst to form an erosion cover keratinized skin surface. No matter where there is eczema - on the feet, hands or head - it gives a person a lot of inconvenience, since the formation of bubbles rather unpleasant and accompanied by intense itching and burning.
Types of eczema
True eczema - is acute, chronic, and an intermediate form, is classified dermatoses. True eczema whose symptoms are characterized by the formation of many small bubbles and itchy erosion can last from 1, 5 to 2 months, and in some cases up to six months. The acute form is well defined, characterized by severe swelling and weeping, the emergence of itching and burning in the damaged areas. Chronic process is virtually asymptomatic. The only reliable sign for the correct diagnosis is severe itching.
Disgidroticheskaya eczema - a version of the true shape. Most often localized to the palms and soles. It is characterized by abundant, merging into one big hotbed of destruction, bubbles which are coated with a dense scab. Very often, this form of the disease is chronic with regular periods of exacerbation and poorly treatable. Disgidroticheskaya eczema can occur in people of any age and often causes secondary infections.
Dry eczema - is most often observed in the elderly and is exacerbated in the winter season. Symptoms are similar to eczema, so you need a comprehensive examination of the patient for an accurate diagnosis. Localized dry eczema on the legs, accompanied by cracks and peeling.
Weeping eczema - affects the upper chest, arms, scalp, interscapular region and folds of the extremities. Initially, the patient's skin appear multiple scales that quickly turn into bright red knots, and then in blisters filled with pus or clear fluid contents. Weeping eczema on the hands, which is administered after treatment to determine the cause of the disease, causes severe itching and burning. Combing bubbles burst with the release of large amounts of fluid and the formation erroziynyh sites. Break bubbles can occur spontaneously - under pressure contained within the materials. Often weeping eczema covers a large area of skin and seriously affects the quality of life.
Eczema - Treatment of diseases
Most good results shows the complex treatment that takes into account the individual characteristics of the patient. Selection of a particular method depends on the cause, type, and intensity of the allergic reaction. In most cases, eczema, symptoms of which are similar to dermatitis disappears after the removal of the allergen, so the main doctors' efforts should be aimed at finding the source of infection. At the same time you need to relieve itching, normalize the condition of the central nervous system, improve blood circulation and metabolism, reduce the excitability of the cerebral cortex.
If the patient diagnosed with eczema, treatment involves an integrated approach for the use of different techniques, including:
- elimination of endocrine and nervous disorders;
- sanitation foci of infection;
- antiallergic diet (of which we will talk about later);
- receiving sedatives;
- the use of tranquilizers, neuroleptics and antidepressants;
- protivogistaminnyh injection drugs;
- treatment using antibradikininovyh funds - ropirina or pirabutol;
- in severe forms of the disease it is advisable to use a corticosteroid hormones;
- high efficiency and show Immunocorrecting drugs - timalin, taktivin, dekaris, pentoxy, diutsifon and others.
Above we mentioned that the diagnosis of eczema, treatment requires compliance with a strict diet. It is necessary to plan and schedule of food product composition so that the body continues to receive all the material necessary for it, but it has been relieved of the presence of components irritant damaged areas of skin. To avoid this constant neutralize acid in the stomach, excluding the power spicy food, chocolate, meats, citrus, eggs and alcohol.
In that case, if a person has manifested eczema on the hands, feet, or body - he recommended milk, cooked vegetables, fruits, oil and other natural products.
Eczema in children
The first symptoms of eczema may already occur in infants. Lesions are usually unclear, have distinct boundaries. For children is characterized by eczema on the hands, cheeks, in ears, scalp and buttocks. The child begins to comb the itchy areas and thus causing yourself more pain. It comes to the fact that the baby can not sleep because of the constantly itchy skin.
Treatment of eczema in children is complicated by the constitution and age of the child, as well as the peculiarities of his nervous system. Should stick to the diet, limit the amount of fluids, carbohydrates and salt, to exclude from the product broth, cocoa, milk, chocolate, cream of wheat. Eczema in children treated with nonspecific desensitizing agents, calcium and iron. Also prescribed means of nonspecific hyposensitization - riboflavin, pyridoxine, ascorbic acid, cobalamin.
Must be used sedatives and tranquilizers - Medazepam, nozepam, trioxazine, valerian. Because antihistamines are recommended diazolin, Phencarolum, suprastin and Promethazine. The exact dosage of all these tools will tell you pediatrician.