The depressive syndrome is a painful condition of the person, which is characterized as various mental and physical disabilities. And although a lot of people under depression imply usually boredom, melancholy and apathy, understand this pathology only as a manifestation of these symptoms is not true. In fact, depression is quite a serious disease that affects the physical and human health, and can sometimes lead to irreversible consequences. Therefore, depressive syndrome requires careful diagnosis and treatment are often long.
Depression different people can develop into some kind of pathology, which have both common features and specific. Recent inherent only specific varieties of this disease state, and help to identify it in determining the diagnosis. So, manic-depressive syndrome characterized by the alternation of two main phases - the manic and depressive, at intervals which may make periodic enlightenment.
For the first phase characterized by the following symptoms of a depressive syndrome:
- Enhance the mood;
- Psychomotor agitation;
- Active gesticulation;
- Acceleration of thought processes.
The patient in this phase is usually a lot of talking and laughing, he often overestimate their abilities and takes on a job that in reality, can not perform. Often he has a confidence in his own genius, so patients with manic-depressive syndrome can impersonate artists, poets, actors and so on. D.
Second, the depressive phase is the complete opposite of the first. In this phase, the patient experience the following symptoms:
- The oppressed;
- Melancholy mood;
- Confusion of thought processes.
Depressive phase usually lasts longer mania, and the frequency of these states different people is different from a few days to months. It should be noted that patients with manic-depressive syndrome is generally aware of and even critical approach to his condition, but are unable to deal with it.
In mild cases, treatment of depressive syndrome of this kind can be performed on an outpatient basis, in the same heavy - stationary, with strong anti-depressants.
Asthenic-depressive syndrome in medicine referred to a mental disorder, which is characterized by such features as:
- The general weakness of the body;
- Frequent headaches;
- Lethargy movements, speech and thought process.
The reasons for this kind of depression can be divided into internal and external. The first group includes a variety of stressful situations and pathological state of emotional sphere. Outside the reasons asthenic-depressive syndrome - is all sorts of diseases, for example: oncological diseases, severe surgery, injuries, infections, diseases of the cardiovascular system, and so on. D.
Adolescents and young adults the symptoms of a depressive syndrome can acquire this type of vivid negative connotation. In this case, they added such features as:
- Regular tantrums;
- Anger and irritability;
- Unreasonable protests.
Prolonged illness often fraught with the emergence of a guilt complex, joined a grim assessment of how the outside world and of their own state. In addition, asthenic-depressive syndrome affects the physical health of a person. Against the background of this pathology violations occur in the digestive system, increases the pressure, upset appetite and sleep, often disturbed menstrual cycle in women, sexual desire is lost and so. D.
It should be noted that a characteristic feature of the variety of depression is to improve the psycho-emotional state of the sick person after the elimination of the physical symptoms of a disease or a good rest.
Treatment depressive syndrome in this case depends on the severity of the disease. In some cases, the patient can help a brief therapy session, while more advanced require not only long course conducted by the therapist, and the use of antidepressants and sedatives for a long time.
The name of the variety of pathology speaks for itself: the main symptoms of this kind of depressive syndrome are anxiety and panic. Importantly, these features are more typical of adolescence, and therefore this type of depression is observed in most cases is in transition. This is due to increased emotionality, vulnerability and even an inferiority complex arising at this stage.
Anxious-depressive syndrome manifests painful fears of a different nature, which gradually transformed into a phobia. Very often, teenagers who develop the syndrome, terrified of punishment - for perfect and imperfect things, because they are not beautiful, smart, talented, and so on. D. An important symptom of a depressive syndrome in this case is almost complete loss of opportunities to objectively assess the ambient world, in different situations, and it's own personality. All this seems to the patient in the gloomy light, as perceived by an extremely hostile.
Against this background, it can develop as a persecution. Often patients think that all of them deceived, adjusting life situations so as to lure them into a trap. People around are perceived as enemies of agents who follow their every move. Mistrust, suspicion, excessive sensitivity become permanent features of anxious-depressive syndrome, robbing the patient all the energy and strength to fight the dangers of non-existent in reality.
Treatment of depressive syndrome in this case involves the immediate help of a professional therapist, possibly with the use of sedative drugs impact.