General characteristics of the disease
Cystitis - an inflammation of the bladder. As a rule, the inflammatory process caused by different kinds of infections, the mucosa is exposed to body walls. At least once in the life of the disease are diagnosed in one in eight women.
In men, cystitis occurs much less frequently. This is explained by the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the female urinary tract, namely a close proximity of the external opening of the urethra to the anus.
However, it is chronic cystitis in men forms - one of the most important features of the pathology of the prostate or cancer of the urinary tract. Women, by contrast, cystitis is most common as a separate disease caused by staphylococcus, fecal streptococcus, etc.
Sometimes the cause of cystitis in men and women is a chronic pyelonephritis, or renal tuberculosis.
At risk with high probability to be ill cystitis include:
- pregnant women.
- the elderly,
- Patients with diabetes, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, and any type of blockage of the urinary tract (tumors, kidney stones, bladder polyp, etc.)
Chance ill cystitis increases contraceptive diaphragm and anal sex. Any of the above factors may cause infection of the bladder and result in complications: pyelonephritis, renal failure, sepsis, as well as to prostatitis cystitis in men.
Symptoms of cystitis
Depending on the severity of symptoms of cystitis is customary to distinguish two main forms of the disease.
Acute cystitis often provokes hypothermia. Early symptoms of this form of cystitis include frequent urination painful. The medical term for this phenomenon - strangury or pollakiuria.
Symptoms of cystitis in the advanced stage of the disease - the temperature increase to subfebrile figures, abdominal tenderness on palpation, clouding of urine. When lesions of the bladder neck slight spotting in the last portion of urine.
Symptoms of acute cystitis occur up to 7-10 days. Then there is a significant improvement of health of the patient or a transition in the chronic form of cystitis.
In chronic cystitis symptoms are less pronounced. Patients feel minimal discomfort in the abdomen, intermittent palpitations urination. Chronic cystitis always runs with periods of short-term aggravation of the process and leads to a persistent increase in the level of white blood cells and red blood cells in the urine.
Diagnosis of cystitis
Acute cystitis is diagnosed based on the patient's complaints to palpitations and painful urination, and urine on Nechiporenko. Ultrasound examination in this case applied to exclude organic pathologies of the urinary bladder.
The diagnosis of "chronic cystitis" is difficult to establish because of the small symptoms. Cystitis chronic form set after studying the composition of the microflora of the bladder by means of seeding. To eliminate the obstruction (blockage) of urinary tract with chronic cystitis used diagnostic method uroflowmetry.
In the diagnosis of chronic cystitis in women always taken vaginal swab to rule out or confirm the genius etiology of infection. The extent and location of the inflammation of the bladder cystitis chronic form allows you to find tsitoskopiya. Applying the latest contraindicated in acute cystitis, as it could cause a sharp deterioration in the patient's condition.
Treatment of cystitis
In the treatment of acute cystitis applied antibiotic therapy with IV generation. She was taken to complement the action of anti-inflammatory drugs as well as drugs to improve blood supply to the bladder and blockers to relieve painful spasms of the urinary tract. Treatment cystitis conducted orally, by injection, rectally or vaginally.
Treatment of chronic forms of cystitis requires a different approach. In this situation, the main efforts of the doctors do not address the most infections, and the reasons which caused another bladder infection. In the treatment of chronic forms of cystitis are applied surgical removal of stones or polyps in the bladder neck resection body Hormone, vitamino- and physiotherapy.
People's treatment of cystitis
It is also possible the treatment of cystitis folk remedies, has antimicrobial, analgesic effect and enhances immunity.
People's treatment of cystitis with diet based on the exclusion of the basic diet of patients with acute dishes, coffee, alcoholic beverages. Recommended food:
It is extremely important that patients with cystitis to drink at least 3 liters of fluid a day.
The national treatment of cystitis are also used many herbs. The herbal composition for the treatment of cystitis include bearberry leaves and stems, fennel seeds, leaves, cranberries, parsley root, celandine, and many plant imunomodulyatory. The treatment of cystitis folk remedies using herbal should last at least 20 days.
In the treatment of cystitis caused by liver disease, oats are used teas with the addition of marigold. A handful of flowers poured into the fire cooked in the broth for 30 minutes. The drug must stand up all night, and after 8-10 hours it is necessary to drink small frequent meals to 1, 5 liters per day. The national treatment of cystitis are also extracts from flax seed, strong lime tea, decoction of the roots of wild rose and kidney poplar.
However, it is important to remember that frequent bouts of pain and urination - symptoms of the chronic form of cystitis, and to prevent another escalation of the disease, it is important not to engage in an independent national treatment of cystitis, and to find out the source of infection.