Cyst brain

Cyst - a pathological hollow  Cyst of the brain - a hollow formation in brain structures
 education authorities, characterized by the presence of membranes and fluid filling the entire cavity.

What is a cyst in the brain. Types of brain cysts

Cyst of the brain - the formation of hollow structures in the brain, filled with cerebrospinal fluid, characterized by various localization. Depending on the type of tissues forming brain cysts, and locating formations themselves are the following types of brushes:

  • Arachnoid cysts - cystic formation which arose between the layers of arachnoid (spider) of the meninges, filled with cerebrospinal fluid. Most often seen in male patients (children and adolescent patients). If the pressure inside the arachnoid cysts exceeds the intracranial pressure, then the cyst exerts compressive force on the cerebral cortex, causing symptoms characteristic. Arachnoid cysts of the brain can be congenital (formed as a result of violations of embryonic development) and acquired (formed as a result of the transferred inflammatory and infectious diseases);
  • Colloidal cyst of the brain - cystic formation occurring at the stage of embryonic development in the formation of the central nervous system of the fetus. Colloidal cyst can be asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The main risks arising from a brain cyst of this type, is a violation of current liquor, which leads to negative consequences (hydrocephalus, cerebral hernia formation, death);
  • Dermoid / epidermoid cyst of the brain - the formation that appears in the early days of the formation of the fruit, which explains the discovery of cysts in the tissues of the hair fiber, fat. This type of cysts of the brain characterized by rapid growth and is subject to surgical removal to prevent the development of severe consequences;
  • The pineal cyst brain - education pineal gland (epiphysis) of small volume. With late diagnosis of pineal cyst brain effects may be a violation of metabolic processes, vision, coordination, encephalitis, hydrocephalus.

Colloidal, dermoid (epidermoid) and the types of pineal cysts of the brain related to cerebral (intracerebral) formation.

Cyst brain: Symptoms of Education

Upon detection of a brain cyst symptoms can be both general and specific. When brain cyst symptoms defined major factor that caused the formation of a cavity. A number of symptoms, however, will depend on the dynamics of growth and development of cystic formation and its impact on the structure of the brain.

The main symptoms of the cyst of the brain include:

  • Feeling of pulsation in the head, sensation of fullness or pressure in the head;
  • Headache, dizziness, frequent unwarranted;
  • Incoordination;
  • Hearing loss;
  • Tinnitus while maintaining the hearing;
  • Blurred vision (diplopia objects, blurring of images, spot);
  • Hallucinations;
  • Violation of the sensitivity of the skin, the development of paralysis, paresis of the extremities;
  • Seizures;
  • Tremor of the hands, feet;
  • Episodic loss of consciousness;
  • Sleep disturbance;
  • Nausea, vomiting (more common in children).

Must be  Diagnosis of brain cysts
 Note that most of the development of a brain cyst has no vivid symptoms, she also found a cyst in the regular examination of the patient.

Cyst of the brain: the causes of education

Upon detection of a brain cyst reasons for its development - the main purpose of diagnosis to determine treatment strategy. In the diagnosis of brain cysts, causes of its formation may be the following factors:

  • Violations of fetal development at which brain cyst is a congenital anomaly;
  • Degenerative and dystrophic disturbances in the brain, at which the replacement of brain tissue cysts;
  • Brain trauma (including, birth);
  • Acute stroke.

Cyst of the brain in infants: the types of cysts, causes of

Cyst brain in newborns - is the formation of hollow, fluid-filled substitute dead region of the brain. Such education can be single or multiple, have a different localization.

There are three main types of cysts of the brain in newborns:

  • Choroid plexus cysts are a variant of the norm, there are at some stage of embryonic development, regress to extinction. These cysts are not dangerous for normal brain child. Much more dangerous are the choroid plexus cysts arising after birth. Such formations are the result of inflammation and infections suffered by women during pregnancy. One factor is the herpes virus;
  • Subependymal cysts of newborn brain occurs due to insufficient blood circulation of the brain and its lack of oxygen supply. It is a serious offense. The dynamics of such education requires constant monitoring;
  • Arachnoid cysts neonatal brain has the same etiology in adults. Education appears on the membranes of the brain, can greatly increase in size, putting pressure on the surrounding brain structures, resulting in progressive may be seizures, increase in neurological symptoms, deterioration of general condition of the child.

Cyst brain: treatment, prognosis

When diagnosing a brain cyst treatment is chosen based on the underlying causes of education. Nedinamichnye brain cysts do not require treatment. Upon detection of a dynamic brain cyst treatment can be:

  • Conservative - drug treatment, the effect of which is aimed at eliminating the causes of the formation of cysts: drugs, resolving adhesions, reducing blood supply, antibacterial, antiviral, immunomodulatory drugs for infections and autoimmune diseases;
  • Radical - the surgical removal of a brain cyst. Basic methods - endoscopy, craniotomy, cysts bypass (increased risk of infection at finding long-term graft in the cranial cavity).

Cyst brain: impact of the disease

With late diagnosis and treatment of any type of brain cyst the consequences can be of different nature:

  • Loss of coordination, motor function;
  • Hearing and visual impairment;
  • Hydrocephalus (water on the brain) - excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricular system of the brain, which is the result of its difficulty of moving from place to place secretion absorption;
  • Encephalitis - a class of diseases characterized by inflammation of the brain of various localization and etiology;
  • The sudden death of the patient.




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