Crick - a trauma ligament-muscular system due to excessive load tension. Most often, this problem occurs when intense physical work and sports, where the movement is too fast and active. A major role in the mechanism of injury plays unprepared muscles to work intensively.
Symptoms of muscle injury
Crick manifested by severe pain
. You may receive a feeling that something breaks or bursts in the muscles
. Then it becomes impossible or severely painful movement in the affected limb or neck, back
. In the next minute after stretching the muscles in the area of injury occurs swelling, hemorrhage
. These effects are associated with breaks vessels
. Stretching the thigh muscles and back are the most typical for this type of injury
. Stretching back muscles commonly associated with heavy lifting, especially if the movement is performed very sharply
. You can damage the muscles of the back in the gym, but you can at their summer cottage or when moving
. If the injury occurred, the movement of the spine is limited to severe pain, it is often difficult to rotate the trunk, neck
. Stretching the thigh muscles most often occurs in sports and in the winter time when the sharp movements in the loss of balance linked to icing
. This injury can severely limit walking
. In order to avoid damage to the bone, sometimes require X-ray examination
Treatment of muscle strain
Treatment of muscle strain - it is a long process, which lasts from one week to a month and a half. It is important immediately after the injury to help the victim. It is necessary to restrict the movement in the affected muscles for 48 hours. When you stretch the back muscles for two days can not lift weights, do pan and tilt. If there is muscle strain femur, tibia, the patient must unload limb - for example, to comply with bed rest or walk with crutches.
In the area of the body where there is swelling after injury, bleeding must put a cold compress or ice to make. First put on the skin tissue, and then ice packs or any cold objects (suitable frozen food, edible ice cubes and the like). In the first two days it is recommended to re-apply ice to stretch the muscles every three to four hours to 20 minutes. At the damaged part of the body is applied compressive bandage from elastic bandages to reduce swelling and tenderness. If the damaged limb, it should be fixed in the raised position.
Two days later, the cold gives way to warm-up procedures. You can use hot compress, hot bath. It is necessary to perform light stretching exercises to do self-massage (stroking, kneading). Medical intervention in tension of muscles is reduced to physiotherapy, medical massage and purpose painkillers. From physical therapy often assigned magnetotherapy, laser therapy and phonophoresis. On the skin of the injury can be applied to anti-inflammatory and warming up ointment. They include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nimesil, diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen, etc.) or a bee, snake venoms, red pepper extract.
If the pain is severe and interferes with sleep, the day of injury and for two or three consecutive days, the doctor may prescribe pain pills and injections. If stretching prevents muscle to go and do a job, then this is an indication of injury to the discovery of a piece of temporary disability (hospital).