General information about the disease
Chlamydia infection - is a group of diseases that occur not only in humans but also in animals. They are united by similar symptoms and mechanisms of development. In addition, any Chlamydia caused by the same agent - bacteria Chlamydia. They are widely distributed in nature, and are regularly identified new species of these microorganisms. In addition to the human Chlamydia affects birds, animals, arthropods, molluscs, fish and even plants. However, we are primarily interested in chlamydia in women and men. On it we discuss in this article.
The most common causative agents of chlamydia affect the genitourinary system. In the US, chlamydia is found in 5-10% of the population aged 15 to 30 years, that is, people living an active sex life. For our country, detailed statistics are not available, but it can be assumed that the incidence rate is no lower than in the United States.
Ways of infection with chlamydia
Usually, chlamydia bacteria enter the body of a healthy person through sexual contact with a sick partner. You can become infected as in traditional and anal sex. Cases of infection through oral sex is rarely observed. Note also that a diagnosis of chlamydia often put newborns. Treatment of children is required after passage through the mother's birth canal, where they were waiting for chlamydia.
Domestic way of infection with chlamydia is unlikely because the bacteria die quickly outside the body. In addition, to enhance the infection should be a certain number of agents that are missing when using common household items and hygiene. Nevertheless, it should still observe basic care in public toilets, basins, baths and other places where it is possible the accumulation of chlamydia.
Symptoms of chlamydia
The incubation period for symptoms of chlamydia in women and men is in the range of 7 to 30 days. Usually the first symptoms of chlamydia occur in a couple of weeks after infection. Please note only that in 5% of cases Chlamydia is asymptomatic, so after accidental sexual intercourse without using a condom is desirable to immediately undergo a medical examination, and even better - generally refuse sex with untested partners.
When the diagnosis of chlamydia symptoms in women have demonstrated the defeat of the genitourinary system. Patients complain of:
- transparent or white-yellow discharge from the vagina;
- painful urination;
- redness of the skin and rather severe itching in the crotch;
- pain in the abdomen and in the lumbar region.
Chlamydia in men manifests similar symptoms. Note also that while infecting, and representatives of the strong half of humanity, and the ladies felt a burning sensation during intercourse.
The effects and complications of chlamydia
Also genital and urinary system, chlamydia affects other organs and systems: the respiratory tract, eyes, nervous system, liver, lymph nodes, bile duct, joints and cardiovascular system. As for the consequences, it is sufficient to say that in the diagnosis of Chlamydia treatment is often complicated by the development of inflammatory processes in the uterus and appendages, Reiter's syndrome, eye lesions and joints. Previously it was thought that infectious agents cause prostatitis, but currently the connection between this phenomenon and chlamydia in men questioned.
Diagnosis of chlamydia
In order to detect chlamydia in men and women use modern precision methods of investigation, in particular PCR, efficiency reaches 90-95%. More recently, to confirm the presence of chlamydia applied research total stroke, but at the moment this method is outdated, because it allows a suspected chlamydia, and therefore fraught with medical errors. IFA, PIF and detection of antibodies to chlamydia also are not very popular because of the low accuracy of the results and the inability to separate from each other and transferred current infection.
Treatment for Chlamydia
In uncomplicated clinical course of treatment of chlamydia involves taking azithromycin or doxycycline
. We have many other azithromycin (commercial) names: Azitroks, azivok, sumizid, Zitrolid, Hemomitsin and sumamed
. It will be appreciated that for chlamydia diagnosis symptoms may be present in only one of the partners
. This fact does not mean that the other partner is healthy, because the infection can occur completely asymptomatic
. For this reason, during treatment, and 2-3 weeks after the end of the sick person should refrain from sexual intercourse
. In addition, it is desirable to combine antibiotics with nonspecific drugs and physical therapy to strengthen the immune system and prevent relapse
. A person is considered healthy if the research conducted in the course of treatment, and after 1-2 months after the end, confirm the absence of chlamydia
With timely, appropriate treatment of chlamydia in women and men, the prognosis is favorable, but in some cases, modern medicine is experiencing some difficulties. It is known, for example, that the incorrect application of antibacterial drugs can lead to the escalation of chlamydia in the chronic stage, get rid of that will be much harder. The chronic form provokes serious complications, and causes a sharp aggravation of existing inflammatory processes, so you should apply only to experienced physicians and immediately abandon the idea of self-cure chlamydia.