Brief description of the disease
Children roseola - an infection, usually affecting young children, mainly up to two years.
A second common name of the disease - a sudden rash. Also known as child roseola fever, sickness and sixth psevdokrasnuha.
Symptoms of roseola child is often confused with symptoms of SARS, measles or allergies, so the diagnosis can be difficult.
Causes of disease
Reason child roseola - pathogen herpes 6 and 7 types. In adults, these viruses cause chronic fatigue syndrome, and the children - roseola. The virus enters the skin and tissue damage causes them to infect mononuclear cells react with immune cell factors and provoke the appearance exanthema (skin rash).
The disease is widespread among children, but the mechanism of infection is still not understood. Presumably, and most likely transmitted the virus that causes roseola, airborne. The incubation period - 5-15dn an average 3-7dn.
Most often it develops roseola in children in spring and autumn.
Symptoms of roseola child
Roseola begins with children's sharp rise in body temperature to 39-40 child, 5grd. Vomiting, runny nose, cough, catarrhal symptoms, changes in stool is not observed. The temperature is kept at a high level 3-5dn, the efficiency of antipyretic drugs is minimal. The critical temperature drop falls on the 4th day and after 10-20ch after stabilization of the whole body appeared spotty pink rash papular, slightly raised above the skin. Reserved rash even for a few hours or days.
Once the rash appears, the temperature rise is no longer fixed. Passes rash without spots and peeling through 4-7dn.
The characteristic symptom - the rash starts to spread to the trunk, after the transition to the face, neck, arms, legs. The most abundant precipitation observed on the child's body.
Additional symptoms of roseola: increased neck, ear (posterior) nodes, the child lethargic, not eating, irritable. Sometimes there is an increase in the liver, spleen.
The observed increase in blood lymphocytes, a decrease in the number of leukocytes.
Diagnosis of the disease
In addition to external inspection and assessment of children's symptoms of roseola, do a blood test is sometimes used serological diagnosis (an increase in titer of immunoglobulin G four times).
It is important to distinguish the diagnosis of roseola drug rash, non-polio enterovirus infections, infectious erythema, sepsis, otitis media, bacterial pneumonia, meningitis, rubella, measles.
Treatment of children's roseola
There is no specific treatment for roseola child. To facilitate the child's condition at the time of temperature rise to it give antipyretics - paracetamol or Nurofen, taking care not to become dehydrated. The room where the sick child should always be ventilated.
Symptomatic treatment of childhood roseola children with immunosuppression (suppression of immunity because of a recent illness, stress) complement the appointment of acyclovir and foscarnet.
If the efficiency of the means for removing the heat will be minimal, and the child will start cramping, you should seek medical help.
Prevention of disease
Because the cause of childhood roseola - virus infection, prevention is only limited contact with the child allegedly infected her children.
Therefore, children who have found this disease, as well as other contact with the infection, it should be isolated until they are cured.