Cervicitis - a fairly common infection that is lesion of the cervix. Cervicitis may result from diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, injuries of barrier contraception, or is a manifestation of tumor development. It may also be formed cervicitis during pregnancy.
Cervicitis diagnosed during a medical examination of the cervix via colposcopy and mirrors. It is characterized by redness in the external opening of the cervix, strong muco-purulent discharge, and in some cases eroded surface.
Symptoms of cervicitis
If you suspect cervicitis, symptoms in the early stages can be observed the following - intense isolation, which lasted several days after the end of menstruation. In the early stages of cervicitis, symptoms may be unnoticeable. In this case, a woman may not be aware of the presence of her disease.
In a more serious stage cervicitis has clearly expressed symptoms:
- Itching and irritation of the genitals;
- Pain during intimacy, after which can also be formed spotting;
- Burning sensation when urinating;
- Pain in the lower back and abdomen, which occur during sexual intercourse.
In severe cervicitis may also abundant purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor resistant, severe itching in the vagina, abdominal pain, fever and nausea.
Types of cervicitis
By the nature of the disease cervicitis divided into acute and chronic. Acute cervicitis is accompanied by pus or mucous discharge from the vagina, as well as severe pain in the abdomen.
Chronic cervicitis occurs on a background of other inflammatory diseases or develop from the primary cervicitis, which was not dolechen. In the chronic form of the disease is observed hypertrophy and induration of the cervix, the reason for this is the formation of small cysts.
Also cervicitis cervix may be purulent, it occurs in most cases on the background of gonorrhea. Virus - because of the virus is transmitted sexually. Bacterial - arises against bacterial infections, e.g., vaginosis.
In addition, non-specific cervicitis release resulting from the change in the microflora of the vagina, is not associated with genital infections. Atrophic - when observed in women whose cervical thinning. Focal - affecting only certain areas of the cervix.
Causes of cervicitis
In most cases, cervicitis cervix occurs because of the presence of vaginal infections, sexually transmitted infections: chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis. Also be cervicitis cervix may in patients infected with genital herpes and human papillomavirus.
There is the risk of cervicitis with early onset of sexual activity, there are multiple sexual partners.
In addition, chronic cervicitis can be a reaction to the hygiene, contraception or irregular exchangeable pads. All this leads to irritation of the cervix, which this time becomes much more susceptible to infections.
In some cases, chronic cervicitis is the result of allergic reactions to latex condoms or special spermicidal compositions.
Treatment of cervicitis
In the treatment of cervicitis used antibiotics. In rare cases, if the cervicitis cervix fails after a course of antibiotics, performed moxibustion inflamed areas.
In cases where there is cervicitis during pregnancy, be sure to consult with the specialist in infectious diseases. This is due to the fact that cervicitis during pregnancy can lead to infection of the fetus infection and a risk of premature birth.