Cervical dysplasia - a state of the mucosa of the cervix and the vagina where there is an appearance of an atypical cell structure. Changes affect not only the structure but also the operation of the normal of the surface layer of the cervix. It should be remembered that cervical dysplasia is a precancerous condition. Of course, this does not mean that cancer is already or will be just a couple of days or weeks. This means that in the absence of full treatment several years after the issuing of the diagnosis may develop cancer.
Quite often, cervical dysplasia mistakenly called erosion. The difference here is that in the former changes affect the entire cell structure, whereas the mechanical erosion characteristic mucosal damage the cervix.
Causes of cervical dysplasia
To date, we found a lot of reasons for the cervical dysplasia. They can be divided into two groups:
- Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) oncogenic types. This cause of cervical dysplasia in 90-95% of all cases is a priority.
- Other causes of cervical dysplasia, which under certain circumstances can be the starting point for the development of the disease. In 5-10% of cases of dysplasia include inflammation of female genitals protracted, hormonal disorders caused by pregnancy, menopause and / or prolonged use of hormonal contraceptives.
A risk factor is reduced immunity caused by stress, chronic disease, oversaturation of drugs, smoking and alcohol abuse. The cause of cervical dysplasia can be early onset of sexual activity, the presence of a large number of sexual partners, abortion and even multiple births. One can not ignore, and heredity, if some of the blood relatives suffering from cancer of the female reproductive sphere, the probability of occurrence of cervical dysplasia increases several times.
Symptoms and stages of dysplasia
The disease is asymptomatic, but in severe cases a woman may develop discomfort during and after intercourse, dragging pain in the abdomen and minor bleeding from the vagina, not associated with menstruation. Cervical dysplasia, depending on the depth of mucosal lesions are divided into three steps:
- Easy (I degree). Atypical cells penetrate into the interior only one third of the entire thickness of the mucosa. In 70-90% of possible self-healing.
- Moderate (II degree). In this case, the abnormal cells occupy two thirds of the thickness of the mucosa. In about half of cases the disease is self. In the third stage of cervical dysplasia goes every fifth patient. Five out of 100 women completed the disease cancer.
- Severe (III stage). Defeat captures the entire thickness of the surface layer of the cervix. Just as in the second degree of lesions in 50% of the total possible recovery. In the second half of the patients, this stage of the disease goes into cervical cancer.
Very often, cervical dysplasia occurs in conjunction with gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital warts vagina, anus and vulva. It is also often accompanied by a microbial infection, manifested symptoms of cystitis and cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix).
When the diagnosis of "cervical dysplasia" signs as having no practical significance, especially not taken into account, the focus is on laboratory, clinical and instrumental investigations.
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Treatment of cervical dysplasia
On the basis of the data obtained after the survey, as well as taking into account the age, stage of disease, lesion size, presence of comorbidities, and general condition of the patient is determined by the method of treatment of cervical dysplasia. The modern level of medicine allows you to completely get rid of any stage of the disease.
The first time the extent of damage is most often no specific treatment for cervical dysplasia is not required, but it is desirable to regular monitoring by a specialist in their specified time. The second stage of cervical dysplasia being treated successfully during the course of conservative treatment. To do this, the source of infection is carried out rehabilitation, immune therapy and treatment anti-inflammatory drugs.
When treatment failure or severe dysplasia recommended surgical treatment, in which the affected tissue is removed by various methods. Widely used burning arc, lasers, radio waves, and freezing the lesions with liquid nitrogen. In advanced cases, to resort to amputation of the cervix.
Treatment of cervical dysplasia folk remedies
For the treatment of cervical dysplasia folk remedies as well as with any other diseases, it is widely used. But we should remember that the use of non-traditional methods of treatment are not always justified, especially if the recipes recommended douching medicinal infusions and paste swabs soaked them. Mechanical injury to the already damaged mucosa can lead to a deterioration. In addition, self-giving imaginary hope of recovery, and this in turn leads to the abandonment of monitoring by a specialist, which is fraught with complications, up to the development of cancer.
In addition to the irrigation treatment of cervical dysplasia folk remedies subaudition reception decoctions and infusions of herbs inside a drink, which is a more secure method of getting rid of the disease. The course of treatment is two weeks, then a break. From medicinal plants in the treatment of cervical dysplasia folk remedies used successfully clover, licorice, sage, anise, soy, alfalfa, oregano and hops. These herbs can not only brewing, but also add to food. In addition, you need to review your diet. It is advisable to increase the intake of fresh fruits, tomatoes, dishes from whole grains and soy products.
Regular monitoring by a specialist, early treatment of infection foci, ordering sexuality, personal hygiene and the inclusion in the daily diet of a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals will prevent such terrible diseases such as cervical dysplasia.