General characteristics of the disease
Candidiasis - is an infectious disease that affects the mucous membranes, skin, nails, internal organs. The most common candida or thrush mouth and urinary organs. The causative agent of the disease is microscopic yeast-like fungus genus Candida. Candidiasis in women most often affects the mucous membrane of the vagina. In infants the most common fungal infection of the mucous membrane of the cheeks, tongue, pharynx. Men candidiasis occurs much less frequently and is characterized by lesions of the penis, itching and redness of the glans and foreskin.
The most susceptible people with weakened immune systems, patients with diabetes, HIV infekktsiey. In 70% of cases, the first symptoms of candidiasis appear as a consequence of antibiotic treatment. Genital candidiasis in women - is not uncommon during pregnancy, or hormone therapy. The path of infection candidiasis mainly autoinfitsirovanie, ie due to abnormal multiplication of their own Candida. There is also the likelihood of the onset of symptoms of candidiasis after domestic or sexual contact with carriers of infection.
Symptoms of candidiasis
Symptoms of candidiasis in women with genital form of the disease include itching and burning in the genital area, and curdled whitish vaginal discharge. In complicated form of candida fungus and spread on the excretory system of the body Symptoms of candidiasis may be pain when urinating.
In men, urogenital candidiasis forms manifested by pain during intercourse and urination, itching, burning of the foreskin and the glans penis. Symptoms of candidiasis in men include redness of the penis and the emergence of foci on it with a whitish-gray patina.
Diagnosis of candidiasis
The fungus Candida -vozbuditel detected by bacteriological sowing genital secretions. The diagnosis of candidiasis can be used as methods of light microscopy, direct immunofluorescence or polymerase chain reaction. Each of these diagnostic methods has enough highly informative, but the most important role is played not by the detection of the fungus in the genital discharge, and its quantitative characteristics, counting the number of vegetative fungal colonies. Small amounts of Candida species may be present in secretions completely healthy person without the expressed symptoms of candidiasis.
Treatment of candidiasis
Treatment of candidiasis in men with urogenital form of the disease mostly local, with creams, ointments based clotrimazole. The drug is applied to the affected area of the penis 2 times a day. Perhaps the appointment of a single oral admission of the combined antifungal drug. In the treatment of candidiasis in men Fluconazole has proven itself in a variety of dosage forms of business.
Local treatment of candidiasis in women held only when a light form of the disease. In this case the patient appointed vaginal suppositories or tablets combined antifungal action based clotrimazole, isoconazole, miconazole, etc. With more intense severe symptoms of candidiasis in women is also assigned antibiotic therapy. In addition to the basic treatment of candidiasis used immunotherapy, restorative drugs and physiotherapy.
In the treatment of relapsing forms of candidiasis with exacerbation status up to 4 times a year decided to appoint a single weekly appointment atimikotikov within 3-4 months. Treatment of candidiasis in women during pregnancy extremely topical, due to the high risk of penetration of the active ingredients of the drug through the placenta.
Prevention of candidiasis
Significantly reduce the likelihood of abnormal multiplication of the fungus Candida is possible by careful observance of measures of personal hyenas and regular examinations by a doctor. The measures also include prevention of candidiasis prophylactic vitamin-mineral, immunostimulatory drugs and antifungal drugs during the course of antibiotic therapy.