Blepharitis called inflammation of the eyelid edge. This frequent disease, prone to chronic course, occurs in people of all ages, so blepharitis children are the most common eye disease.
If blepharitis eye generally can remain unchanged, which often leads to the mistaken belief that the disease is a pushover, and does not require treatment. In fact it is not, and in the long course of blepharitis eyes are continually exposed to infection, which can cause significant problems, including blurred vision.
Causes of blepharitis
Usually caused by an infectious disease (bacteria, fungi, mites) or allergic agent
. Blepharitis can be caused by various reasons, but whatever the immediate cause of inflammation of the century, the development of blepharitis paramount lowered immunity, as a result of the recently migrated or existing common diseases
. Blepharitis often occurs in people with diabetes, helminth (worm infestation), tuberculosis, cancer, etc.
. Blepharitis often accompanies uncorrected hyperopia
. In the last decade, one of the most frequent causes of blepharitis became dry eye syndrome, when because of the rare blink cornea lubricated enough tear fluid
. Such a condition is peculiar to people who spend a lot of time behind a computer monitor
. The cause of blepharitis in children is often a violation of hygiene (dirty hands of infection)
Types of blepharitis
By location blepharitis is:
- Perednekraevoy. With this type of blepharitis affects only the front, the edge of the ciliary century.
- Zadnekraevoy. It affects the rear edge of the century, having meibomian gland.
- Corner or angular. Inflammation is concentrated in the corners of the eyes.
Depending on the local causes distinguished:
- Seborrheic (flake) blepharitis. Often combined with manifestations of seborrhea on the eyebrows, scalp.
- Ulcerative blepharitis is caused by a staph infection in the hair follicles of the eyelashes, which could result in their purulent inflammation, then passing into ulceration.
- Demodectic blepharitis. Called mite Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis, falling within the ciliary follicles and the meibomian gland.
- Allergic blepharitis. Usually occurs in combination with allergic lesion other mucosal areas of the body. As allergies can act mikrochastichki skin of pets, pollen of flowering plants, drugs, dust, household chemicals, etc..
- Rosacea, or acne, blepharitis. Usually accompanied by a pink acne.
Symptoms of blepharitis
The common symptoms of blepharitis include redness and swelling of the eyelid edge, itching, or an unpleasant burning sensation in the affected area, and the emergence of various inflammatory formations. For ulcerative blepharitis peculiar formation of ulcers on the edges of the eyelids, for seborrheic - greasy gray scales for Demodectic - the appearance of sticky discharge from the follicles of the eyelashes, in allergic blepharitis there are abundant mucous discharge for blepharitis rosacea is characterized by the appearance of small grayish-red lumps, later turning into pustules . If blepharitis eyes get tired quickly, there is an increased sensitivity to light, sometimes turning into a photophobia. As manifestations of the disease are often associated with ciliary follicles one of the characteristic symptoms of blepharitis are changes eyelashes that may discolour, fall, take the wrong direction to grow.
Blepharitis in children is characterized by the fact that the child is constantly rubbing his eyes, showing an increased response to light, your eyes in the morning stick with dried secretions. Most often, blepharitis occurs in children of ulcer and allergic form.
Diagnosis of blepharitis
Diagnosis is usually straightforward because of characteristic symptoms of blepharitis. Diagnosis is based on studies century with a slit lamp. Clarification is needed to determine the infectious agent, which is carried out with the scraping of the conjunctiva and eyelash roots with subsequent laboratory investigation of the resulting material. If you have installed an allergic nature of blepharitis, conduct allergy tests to identify the allergen.
Treatment of blepharitis
Blepharitis refers to diseases that are difficult to treatment, and is prone to chronic relapsing course. Therefore, treatment of blepharitis should be persistent and consistent and also include, in addition to local procedures, restorative techniques, aimed at strengthening the immunity. To do this, use of medication and vitamin therapy receiving immunostimulatory drugs mild, such as "Immunal" -preparata plant, which includes the juice of Echinacea purpurea.
If an farsightedness, be sure to take steps to address it with the help of corrective lenses or glasses. Dry eye syndrome is also necessary to fix, which you need to take breaks in the classroom with a computer every half hour, a maximum of an hour. In the case of already developed dry eye syndrome using landfill adrenalinsoderzhaschih drops, for example, "Visine".
Topically for the treatment of blepharitis used anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of lotions, ointments and drops. If a specific infectious agent identified as staphylococcus or demodex, use antibiotics or protivokleschevoy funds. Careful hygiene eyes and avoiding the use of cosmetics for the duration of the treatment of blepharitis.
Treatment of blepharitis folk remedies
Since the treatment of blepharitis can sometimes last for months, taking of drugs for so long may be undesirable, or requires them to periodic change, for the prevention of allergic reactions. In this case, a good alternative is the use for the treatment of blepharitis folk remedies.
The most common of the folk remedy for blepharitis used rinsing and lotions using decoctions and infusions of herbs. For this purpose, use chamomile flowers, calendula, cornflower, sage leaves, eucalyptus. One of the commonly used folk remedies for blepharitis is a broth of onions with a small amount of boric acid, which washed the eye several times a day. Also it has a good effect eyewash infusion taken in equal proportions of black and green tea.
In the treatment of blepharitis folk remedies necessary to consider two points. The first is that herbal medicines as well as medications can cause unwanted reactions (eg, allergy or irritation), and before their implementation, it is desirable to consult with an ophthalmologist. And the second - when the use of blepharitis folk remedies to achieve the therapeutic effect should be frequently (several times a day) and time-consuming.