Beats is the most common type of arrhythmia that occurs due to premature contraction of the heart muscle (extrasystole).
This rhythm disturbance occurs because of heterotopic excitation of the myocardium and is found in almost 90% of people who are over 50 years old. Reveal it is not difficult: it is a short-term sinking of the heart.
Symptoms of arrhythmias
The most common symptoms of arrhythmia - a tangible disruptions in the heart, which can manifest itself in the form of abnormally strong aftershocks in the region of the heart, often accompanied by a further short pauses or slow down (bradycardia) / palpitations (tachycardia) rhythm of the heart. The tremors may be accompanied by autonomic and neurological symptoms: impairment in breathing, shortness of breath, a sense of anxiety and fear, pale skin, sweating reinforced; tremors may be not only strong but also weak.
For most people, symptoms are mostly at bedtime, when lying in bed the patient feels unexpected shocks. There are cases where the patient feels tremors, lying on one side, but when he turns to the other side, tremors or reduced pass.
Classification of arrhythmia
Beats is divided into:
Function is more common on the background of depression, vegetative-vascular dystonia and neurosis in young people. The person feels the symptoms often before going to bed, at rest and after waking up. It can also feel them when reading, and while working at the computer. Symptoms of arrhythmias did not occur during exercise. The disease occurs due to:
- nervous stress;
- severe emotional distress;
Symptoms usually can pass if replaced by emotional background.
Organic beats usually affects people who are over 50 years old. Symptoms of the variety of the disease appear after exercise, and patients often do not notice them. They practically do not appear in the quiescent state.
The presence of organic beats often indicates endocrine and cardiac diseases in humans.
Causes of arrhythmia
Causes of arrhythmia may be:
- disorders of neurogenic origin;
- organic myocardial damage;
person per day can not be more than two hundred extraordinary rate. Beats may occur in perfectly healthy person when smoking, alcohol, coffee, strong tea, stress, psycho-emotional and vegetative disorders, severe physical exertion. Causes of arrhythmia pathological character can be heart disease: cardiomyopathy, valvular, coronary heart disease, myocarditis. There extracardiac diseases that adversely affect the heart muscle: neoplastic processes, poisoning, hyperthyroidism, intoxication during infections, allergic reactions.
Treatment of arrhythmia
In appointing the arrythmia treatment into account the shape and location of the disease.
If beats are rare and are caused by cardiac disorders, in the treatment they need. Sometimes, to relieve symptoms enough to give up smoking, drinking caffeinated beverages and alcohol, as well as reduce stress. In those cases where the arrythmia occurs because the heart muscle diseases, endocrine and digestive systems, the treatment should begin with underlying diseases.
If the arrythmia is neurogenic origin, it is necessary to visit a neurologist. He will appoint charges to calm (tincture of peony, lemon balm and motherwort) or drugs with sedative effects (relanium, rudotel). If the disease is caused by drugs, their use is strictly prohibited.
Medication is prescribed only in cases where the daily number of premature beats exceeds two hundred, the patient has cardiac pathology and subjective complaints. Formulations selected depending on the type of arrhythmia and heart rate. The dosage administered individually. For the treatment of arrhythmia is an effective use of procainamide, lidocaine, quinidine, Cordarone, meksilena, sotalol, diltiazem. Also for the overall strengthening of the heart prescribers, containing potassium and magnesium.
If, during the medical treatment for two months does not appear beats, reduce the dose of medication or even cancel their reception. In other cases, the treatment lasts several months, and in the presence of malignant ventricular form prescribed lifetime use of antiarrhythmic drugs.
Prevention of arrhythmias is to prevent diseases that trigger its development: myocardiodystrophy, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy. It is necessary to avoid medication, food or chemical intoxication, which also provoke arrythmia. General prevention is maintaining a healthy lifestyle, moderate exercise and not smoking tobacco, caffeine and alcohol.