Axillary lymphadenitis - an inflammation of the lymph nodes caused by the bacteria staphylococcus and streptococcus, which
get them out of the soft tissue abscess or panaritiums. Much less inflammation occurs due to direct exposure to the bacteria directly into the lymph nodes after skin injury.
Located in the underarm lymph nodes filter lymph vessels are the shoulders, arms, abdominal organs (the ones that are located above the navel) and thoracic organs, which are the sources of infection spreading through them to the armpits.
Reasons axillary lymphadenitis
The main reasons for the appearance of axillary lymphadenitis are such a source of infection in the body such as:
- · Phlegmon;
- · Infected wounds and abrasions;
- · Osteomyelitis;
- · Trophic ulcers;
- · Rozsa;
- · Boils.
Also cause inflammation of the lymph nodes may be inflammation of the lymphatic vessels. Activators of axillary lymphadenitis in most cases:
- Escherichia coli;
- · Proteus;
- · Streptococci and their toxins;
- · Enterococci and toxins;
- · Staphylococci and toxins;
- · Decomposition products fabrics primary focus of inflammation.
Symptoms of axillary lymphadenitis
Symptoms axillary lymphadenitis expressed differently depending on the form of the disease. In acute axillary lymphadenitis symptoms are heavy pain, fever and enlarged lymph nodes in size. In cases of destructive forms of axillary lymphadenitis (purulent inflammation) symptoms of intoxication.
In the chronic form of the disease is observed only increase cohesion and interconnected nodes. A simple form of inflammation, which is not accompanied by purulent process occurs with the limited focus of inflammation within the boundaries of the capsule formation. Development destruction causes the inflammation begins to spread to surrounding tissue.
Severe axillary lymphadenitis lead to the development of inflammatory processes in fiber (phlegmonous adenitis) with foci of softening, which, if inefficient, or untimely treatment extends further with the development of septicopyemia or thrombophlebitis. Breakthrough pus on the outer part can in the end lead to the formation of lymph fistula.
Treatment of axillary lymphadenitis
confirm the diagnosis of axillary lymphadenitis and determine the cause of inflammation doctor determines the stage at which the disease is selected and the type of treatment.
Axillary lymphadenitis in infancy may be treated with conservative treatment, with parallel conduct restorative treatments, physiotherapy and taking broad-spectrum antibiotics, and inflamed nodes cold compresses are applied.
In the treatment of axillary lymphadenitis with purulent inflammation of the surgical intervention is necessary. The operation consists of opening the lymph node and remove it from purulent mass, followed by draining. Following the operation, the following therapeutic treatment based on the principles used in the treatment of purulent wounds.
In the treatment of specific axillary lymphadenitis doctor takes into account whether there foci of inflammation in other organs, and traces the overall tuberculosis. Treatment of axillary lymphadenitis of this type can take several months, and in addition to the antibiotic includes obkalyvanie affected node and applying ointment dressings. If there is a connection of purulent infection, the doctor appointed by the additional use of broad-spectrum antibiotics.