General characteristics of the disease
Allergic diseases affect at least 10-15% of the population of our planet. One of the most dangerous of them - a bronchial asthma, which is understood as a chronic inflammation of the airways, accompanied by a sharp change in reactivity and sensitivity of the bronchi, and periodic attacks of breathlessness.
Treatment of asthma is aimed at reducing the number of deaths associated with the disease, and to improve the quality of life of people suffering from suffocating attacks. So far, this process has not been brought under full control, in spite of all the efforts of pulmonologists and allergists. The main problem in this case is related to the ineffectiveness of the diagnosis of the disease and the treatment options with the expertise.
The reasons for which a person has a disease of asthma are not fully understood. Researchers believe that the greatest impact on this process have a genetic predisposition and poor environment in major cities.
A brief history of asthma
For the first time the term "asthma" was coined by Hippocrates. Translated from the Greek word meaning "choking." Studies of the famous doctor led him to believe that the causes of the disease are cold, dampness and other material factors. Hippocrates whole life trying to find the answer not only the question of why there is bronchial asthma, but also how it can be cured. Great success in this field, he has not achieved, but passed on his enthusiasm disciples and followers.
Over the next few centuries we worked on the problem of choking several prominent scientists. The most famous study Areteya and Galen, who did everything to asthma in children and adults flowed as easily as possible. Their work became the basis for first aid in case of violation of the respiratory function.
Great contribution to the treatment of bronchial asthma have doctors Renaissance Gerolamo Cardano and Belgian scientist Van Helmont. First diagnosed the disease in English bishop and became the keep detailed records of his treatment. This history of the disease (asthma was then the little-studied) was the instruction for generations of doctors, because of the patient be cured only by a strict diet, exercise and lifestyle changes. Van Helmont, in turn, also investigated the attacks of breathlessness and figured out how asthma occurs. Symptoms of the disease, noted scholar, often manifested themselves after inhaling house dust. He suggested that the place of deployment of the pathogenic process are bronchi. As time has shown, the brilliant Belgian hunch was absolutely right.
Later bronchial asthma were investigated dozens of people, including Russian and Russian scientists. They found that asthma is allergic in nature, the scientific community offered a detailed classification of the disease and, in general, have made an enormous contribution to the treatment of uncontrolled asthma attacks.
The history of asthma continues to this day. It uses the most modern technology and techniques. We were able to understand much of how the disease occurs and what must be help for bronchial asthma, but so far can not find the answer to the main question: how to get rid of the disease once and for all. However, it is a matter of time and we have no doubt that sooner or later, will be developed completely effective treatment of asthma that will help millions of vulnerable children and adults.
Asthma - Symptoms
- Systematic cough, which is amplified in the cold air or after exercise;
- severe shortness of breath;
- many asthmatics are marked wheezing;
- swelling of the lungs;
- asthma attacks.
Note that each patient has its own specific history of the disease. Asthma manifests itself in unexpected ways, but the main symptoms of which are the absolute reason to sound the alarm, we have listed above.
Treatment of asthma
Since that time, as the disease is asthma resides in the body, a man's life changes forever. Because asthma attacks sick little sleep at night, he is constantly forced to use inhalers and hormone drugs, adhere to a strict diet and medication schedule. The latter is particularly important. The history of bronchial asthma shows that the person performing all of the recommendations of doctors, feeling much better and can significantly improve their quality of life.
The patient must learn to use drugs and means for their introduction into the body, to monitor peak expiratory flow rate, to distinguish the basic drugs and symptomatic therapy, to feel an attack coming on and arrest the symptoms that threaten his life. Of course, a person should also immediately seek medical care in cases where asthma manifests itself particularly strongly.
To be able to live with seizures and other symptoms of asthma - not easy, but is essential for every asthmatic. Currently we found no universal method that would guarantee a successful treatment of asthma, so you have to put up with the illness and do all that she delivered the least possible inconvenience.
Basic principles of treatment
The patient is a continuous anti-inflammatory therapy (corticosteroids, selective b2-andrenoagonisty courses of prednisolone).
There are two basic approaches to how the disease should be treated with bronchial asthma:
- quick results - the patient is prescribed a short course of prednisolone and intensive therapy with high doses of corticosteroids. The purpose of this method - as soon as possible to achieve control of symptoms of disease, in particular, over attacks of breathlessness;
- bronchial asthma in children and adults treated gradually in accordance with the severity of disease. The intensity of the treatment is enhanced by increased symptoms and decreased when there is no special need. As a general rule, the improvement of the patient come in a month or two after treatment.
Regardless of the method, the patient must strictly follow the doctor's instructions and comply with all its recommendations. The history of bronchial asthma shows that this is necessary to avoid the triggers of the disease and achieve maximum control of symptoms.
Asthma in Children
Tragically, recurrent asthma attacks occur not only in adults who can deal with them by means of strict control, but also in children. Many of them do not understand what is happening and are experiencing a lot of stress and psychological pressure, in turn, significantly increases the severity of symptoms.
The reasons for the emergence of the disease in children are many. The most common - it's genetic predisposition to a child's asthma. In addition, the baby can react to ordinary house dust, pet dander, pollen and other allergens. Help with bronchial asthma in children is to eliminate factors that trigger the disease. These include and acute respiratory disease. It is necessary to avoid hypothermia child limit its interaction with peers and patients to take other measures protecting the baby from infection.
Treatment of asthma is dependent on the severity of the disease. In milder forms of good help to simple tempering procedures and physiotherapy. Severe disease requires the appointment of a course of basic therapy and complex treatment that prevents the occurrence of attacks and reduces the effects of allergic inflammation.
As in the case of adults, pediatric asthma effectively stopped by using inhaled corticosteroids, which are synthetic analogs of these hormones human. Do these drugs has a big disadvantage in the form of side effects and contraindications, but at the moment they are the only means to avoid severe symptoms and get asthma under control.