Brief description of the disease
Infectious disease ascariasis is well known to residents of regions with warm and humid climate. Currently ascariasis is the most common helminthiasis. Ascariasis is common in all continents and regularly diagnosed in residents of both developing and industrialized countries. In regions with a dry climate ascariasis is much rarer, is completely absent in the Arctic Circle.
The causative agent of human infection is Ascaris - round or spindle-shaped worms that multiply in the liver, colon, pancreas and other internal organs. Treatment ascariasis in children and adults - is absolutely necessary, because otherwise parasitic colonies can reach such dimensions that cause bowel obstruction and other serious consequences. Mature female roundworm lays up to 245,000 eggs per day, and the larvae mature in just 9-20 days, after which they immediately begin their destructive activities.
The body gets ascariasis ingestion of mature eggs. Typically, this occurs by eating fresh vegetables that have not undergone proper sanitization. The big danger in our day are, and private garden plots, where the increase in soil fertility produced by introducing into the land uncleared human feces. In general, failure to comply with the elementary rules of hygiene is almost always entails long-term treatment of ascariasis in children and adults. Keep this in mind when you buy vegetables from a good-natured grannies or eat delicious apples, previously without washing it in warm water.
The clinical picture of ascariasis
The penetration of Ascaris in the liver, pancreas and other vital organs leads to severe consequences. Adult worms injure the mucous membrane of thin, irritate nerve endings, have toxic effects on the products of its life. Furthermore, when the diagnosis often ascariasis infection symptoms indicate mechanical and spastic bowel obstruction, as clusters helminths simply clog the inner space intestine, preventing full digestion and food processing.
In the absence of adequate treatment of roundworm to migrate, leading to occurrence of abscesses, pancreatitis and cholangitis. Repeated infection symptoms are much less, due to the emergence of a kind of immunity. Despite this, in the diagnosis of ascariasis must be treated only in specially equipped infectious departments of clinics. Any independent attempts to cope with the disease are doomed to failure and, moreover, pose a threat to human life.
Ascariasis - symptoms
To begin, we note that in the clinical course of infection of ascariasis are the two stages: early (migratory) and late (intestinal). Accordingly, signs ascariasis depend on the current phase of development of the disease. In the early stages of ascariasis practically does not manifest itself. Clinical symptoms are mild ascariasis. Patients may complain of:
- dry cough with little phlegm;
- slight indisposition;
- skin rash resembling hives.
Another thing, if ascariasis in children and adults moved into the intestinal stage. In this case, the characteristic symptoms of ascariasis appear much more stronger and brighter. Patients feel fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. Also, they often have diarrhea, constipation and other disorders of the chair. Get askoridoza develop symptoms of the nervous system:
- quick mental fatigue;
- inability to concentrate on one problem;
- hysterical fits;
- restless sleep;
Influences on the heart and ascariasis. For patients there is a decrease in blood pressure, seizures, bronchitis or asthma, moderate hypochromic anemia. Delays in treatment of ascariasis in children and adults lead to serious complications: bowel obstruction, severe pain that can not be removed, even drugs, frequent urge to vomit, mechanical blockage of the bile duct, liver abscess, a purulent pleurisy.
In the early stages of the treatment of ascariasis patients prescribed desensitizing therapy, mintezol (50 mg per day for every 100 to body weight for 2-3 hours), or mebendazole (100 mg per day for 3-4 hours). Treatment of ascariasis in children and adults is performed using anthelmintic: decaris (after dinner), kombantrina (during meals), Vermoxum (in cases poliinvazii). Continuous improvement of these drugs and increase their effectiveness led to the fact that nowadays anthelmintics able to cope with the treatment of ascariasis in 85-100% of cases.