Brief description of the disease
When angiopathy disturbed tone of blood vessels. This is due to regulation of nervous disorders. The disease manifests a tendency to dystonia may go into vasospasm.
Angiopathy most susceptible people whose age threshold crossed the mark of 30.
Angiopathy can be of several types:
Adolescents may be a youthful angiopathy of the retina.
Angiopathy of the retina
When angiopathy of the retina occurs modification vessels that are in the fundus. If a person has a disease such as hypertension, it often suffers from unstable blood pressure, and on the functional vascular disorders. This is what can contribute to the development of the retina angiopathy.
When angiopathy of the retina observed occurrence of spasms of the arteries on the eyeball may appear yellow spot (called a symptom Gvista). In addition, when the retina angiopathy person can feel the pulsation of blood vessels in the fundus.
Diabetic angiopathy affects people diagnosed with diabetes. With this type of angiopathy affects the small and large blood vessels. There is a loss of the vessel walls, impaired hemostasis. Most of these processes occur in the blood vessels of the retina, the glomerular capillaries of the kidneys, in the blood vessels of the heart, the arteries in the lower extremities.
In these cases the thickening of basement membranes, vessel walls begin to lay mucopolysaccharides, this leads to the fact that narrows the lumen of the vessel and can eventually cause it to blockage. These changes lead to a deterioration in the microcirculation, which in turn, leads to tissue hypoxia.
Diabetic angiopathy of lower limbs has its own characteristics. Maybe lost sensitivity expressed varying degrees of polyneuritis (burning, numbness, foot pain), ulcers can occur in the most severe cases of diabetic angiopathy possible gangrene toes. But if people just ask for medical help, such an outcome virtually eliminated.
At the heart of the investigation are hypertensive angiopathy hypertension. It may be dilated veins that can be observed in the fundus, branching venous, petechial hemorrhages, which can be observed on the surface of the eyeball.
At an advanced stage of hypertensive angiopathy changes already taking place in the tissues of the retina, petechial hemorrhages in the eyeball occur frequently, as observed turbidity of the retina at different places. If the hypertensive effects of the patient will be eliminated, the fundus again acquire the normal, healthy appearance.
In the treatment of angiopathy used medicines prescribed by a doctor. To improve microcirculation doctor may pentilin, arbifleks, trental, solkoseril, flowerpots, and other drugs. These products contribute to the flexibility of red blood cells, it is necessary to red blood cells can pass freely through the capillaries.
For the treatment of angiopathy with increased vascular fragility appoint dobesilate calcium. This drug improves blood circulation in the blood vessels, reducing blood viscosity, it helps normalize vascular permeability.
For the treatment of diabetic angiopathy, in addition to drugs, the doctor appoints a special diet, eliminating from your diet foods rich in carbon. It is also recommended for patients include a small exercise. Physical activity contributes to the consumption of sugar muscles, it improves the cardiovascular system.
In addition to the use of drugs used in the treatment of angiopathy physiotherapy techniques such as laser irradiation, magnetic therapy, acupuncture.
If angiopathy is in a state of neglect, it is likely that it will be necessary to carry out the purification of the blood by hemodialysis.