In most cases, the reduced hemoglobin concentration in the blood is associated with iron deficiency in the body. This condition is called anemia, and official medical statistics, it is diagnosed in almost 20 percent of the population.
Average hemoglobin content in the body of the adult healthy person is determined by the following limits: 115-145 g / l for women and 132-164 g / L for men.
Along with a decrease in hemoglobin of anemia occurs as a decrease in the number of red blood cells (red blood cells).
Causes of anemia
The main causes of iron deficiency anemia and the subsequent disease are considerable blood loss resulting from the extensive operating, stomach, uterine, nasal bleeding; as well as permanent donation.
In addition to prolonged bleeding, accompanied by copious blood loss, causes of anemia may serve as acute and chronic gastrointestinal disease in which the human body is disturbed function of iron absorption.
Periods of increased body's need for iron supplementation are also accompanied by a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood. Often, this condition occurs in women during pregnancy, childbirth and breast-feeding a baby.
The causes of anemia can be unambiguously attributed - long vegetarianism, poor nutrition, strict adherence to a starvation diet. All of these shortcomings and errors in the diet greatly increases the risk of anemia, even for a healthy person.
Causes of anemia in children are covered in more physiologically immature hematopoietic system of the child. Progressive anemia in children on the background of the same, the above adverse factors that in the adult population.
The degree of anemia
Experts identify three main degrees of anemia, which are classified into mild, moderate and severe. Determine at a glance, without the use of laboratory tests, to what degree of anemia is a particular case of the disease is very difficult even for medical professionals. The fact that the main criterion for the degree of anemia is a hemoglobin level and determine its level is possible only on the basis of the analysis of the patient's blood.
Easy, the first degree of anemia is characterized by insignificant decrease in hemoglobin levels with the following parameters - 100-120 g / L in men and 90 -110 g / l in women.
Typically, patients experience no change in its condition. As this type of anemia is recommended diet and consumption of food with high content of iron.
In the second, the average degree of anemia, the hemoglobin has a substantial degree of reduction - 70-80 g / l. This state is characterized by the following symptoms of anemia and complaints: headaches, light headedness, etc. In this case, a correction is not enough food, and assigned medications iron supplements.
Heavy, third degree of anemia is already considered dangerous to human life. Hemoglobin level is lowered to 70 g / l or less. Observed irregularities in the cardiovascular system, there is a dilution of the blood, much worse overall health.
Symptoms of anemia
General characteristic of the following symptoms of anemia. Patients usually complain of fatigue, weakness, tremors (tremors), and persistent dizziness. With further progression of the disease and anemia may develop syncope.
Appearance, anemic people are easily determined by external examination. The skin in these patients are dry and very pale, sometimes bluish tint, the mucous membranes - and unnaturally pale color.
Even a small exercise causes anemic man strong shortness of breath and palpitations. Without timely treatment of anemia in patients may develop symptoms of ischemic heart disease.
Treatment of anemia
Regular consumption of iron-containing foods can be recommended as the primary means for self-treatment of anemia and prevent its occurrence. These tools include a list of accessible and affordable plant products grown on our local beds.
Carrots, beets, sorrel, celery, pumpkin, rutabaga, turnips - these vegetables daily eat as a salad or fresh juices, become a reliable obstacle to the emergence of such a serious disease, such as anemia.
In addition to the garden vegetables can be advised to take to treat anemia infusions and decoctions of some wild plants. Flowers clover, dandelion root, nettle and many other natural products to effectively help you to increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood.