General characteristics of the disease
Usually, acute bronchitis occurs on the background of the common cold or laryngitis and is an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa, which eventually spread over the entire surface of the walls of the body.
In a healthy person the bronchial walls are covered with a variety of fibers, which are constantly moving and create a current of mucus toward the throat. With her out of our body are derived viruses, bacteria and dust particles. Acute bronchitis in children and adults results in that it becomes too viscous mucus, its advancement rate falls. As a result, viruses and bacteria penetrate the cells. A person develops inflammation, a cough and phlegm, in some cases, fever. These are the primary symptoms of which can accurately detect acute bronchitis. Treatment of the disease depends on what inflammation caused by microorganisms. If the if condition does not improve, you should contact your doctor. If the bacteria can be affected by antibiotics, the viruses require a completely different approach. However, for the treatment of acute bronchitis, we describe below in the appropriate section.
Acute Bronchitis - symptoms and clinical picture
The main factors causing acute bronchitis, are:
- infectious processes resulting from the action of bacteria or viruses;
- dust particles;
- hazardous working conditions, such as chemical production, where the air is present a large number of corrosive substances;
- some diseases of the heart and other body systems.
Acute bronchitis, the symptoms of which are similar to symptoms of other diseases of the upper respiratory tract, manifests itself:
- rawness in the sternum;
- dry cough;
- shortness of breath;
- fatigue, feeling of weakness;
As the disease progresses the cough becomes more humid. This is due to the fact that begins to move away phlegm. Often it has mucous, purulent or mucopurulent structure. When listening to the lung doctor without problems determines the wet and dry finely wheezing.
With timely, adequate treatment of acute bronchitis goes on 4-7 day from the moment of occurrence. If we let the process take its course of treatment, the disease begins to progress to a chronic form, and in some cases turns into asthma.
In addition, the person often develops an acute obstructive bronchitis, which runs on the background of obstruction syndrome. Its symptoms appear already on the first day of SARS. A characteristic symptom of this form of bronchitis are well audible wheezing, dry, that is, breathing with prolonged exhalation, which is explained by the narrowing or complete blockage of the airway due to thickening of the bronchial mucosa.
Acute bronchitis in children
For every 1,000 children annually have to 100-200 cases of bronchitis. Usually the disease is the result of acute respiratory infections, mycoplasma, chlamydia and bacterial flora. If a child diagnosed with acute bronchitis, treatment should be urgent, because the disease leads to pulmonary and extrapulmonary complications. In children under the age of 3 is most often seen acute obstructive bronchitis, as the infection has a profound effect on the secretion of mucus and resizing mucosa. For children older than 4 years are more common bronchospasm.
Acute bronchitis - treatment of the disease
Acute bronchitis in children and adults should be treated with the help of a set of measures. Before doctors seeks to restore Airway, eliminate the cause of the disease (hazards) and the consequences of infection.
In the early stages of treatment using antibiotics, sulfonamides, vitamin A, B and C. It should be noted here that using antibiotics can not fight with bronchospasm and, in addition, they can not restore the Airway.
As a rule, a human patient is prescribed bed rest, massage, restorative procedures and exercise therapy. Adult patients is desirable to completely stop smoking. Tobacco smoke aggravates the complications that accompany acute bronchitis. Treatment of the disease lasts for a long period of time. If a person begins exacerbation, he appointed antibiotics, drugs for thinning mucus and expectorant drugs.
In severe cases recommended to perform bronchoalveolar lavage in which the airways of human introduce a special tube. Through her bronchi washed medications to reduce the amount of mucus and the spread of infection.
Good results in the treatment of acute bronchitis show: physiotherapy (inhalation, electroprocedures), breathing exercises, warming compresses and mustard. All of these tools can be easily used at home.
Because acute bronchitis leads to a sharp weakening of immunity, patients prescribed vitamins and other drugs that enhance the immune system. It is also advisable to follow a strict diet that will quickly deal with the consequences of the disease.