In the course of the life of every person, sooner or later, it gets a minor knee injury. This can contribute to both our ordinary body movements, and wear knee structures or any external circumstances. Sports, entertainment, leisure and even simple household chores - all these activities are potential risk factors. That is why in this article we decided to tell you about the most common knee problems, as well as what to do after a knee injury.
Sudden (acute) injuries
This is the most common type of injury. Sudden injuries are the result of the direct impact on the knee, twisting legs or excessive bending. Unpleasant symptoms immediately after a knee injury, and are expressed in the form of severe pain, swelling and bruising, some of which may have very serious consequences. In addition to the above symptoms, acute knee injury cause weakness, numbness, tremors in the legs, cold and bluish skin.
As to the kind of damage, the experts identify the following types of knee injuries:
- stretching ligaments and tendons;
- torn ligaments or kauchkopodobnyh gaskets joint (meniscus);
- cracks in the patella fractures;
- dislocation of the patella;
- dislocation of the knee joint
Knee injuries caused by excessive load
This type of injury associated with repetitive actions and continuous load. The reasons could be sport and difficult working conditions that cause:
- inflammation of the synovial bags;
- small tears tendons;
- twisting knee ligaments;
- irritation of fibrous connective tissue.
In addition, a knee injury, the treatment of which requires immediate treatment to the doctor, can occur after an orthopedic diseases such as osteoarthritis or popliteal cyst.
What to do after a knee injury?
Treatment of injuries of the patella and joint includes both measures of urgent medical care, and receive different medications, physical therapy, splinting and rest. Selection methods of treatment of knee injury is performed on the basis of the severity of injury, the patient's age, his general state of health and other factors. Emergency assistance is required from a knee injury in the following cases:
- dislocation, displacement of the knee;
- signs of a painful shock;
- bleeding in the area of the damaged area;
- breaking bones.
In all these cases should immediately call an ambulance, because every minute of delay bodes ill very serious complications, up to the malfunction of the damaged knee.
Knee injury - treated at home
If your doctor has prescribed home treatment, then to relieve pain, swelling and stiffness in the knee will help you our advice:
- Provide patient knee rest, change the type of your classes if they are associated with significant physical exertion or deliver unpleasant, painful;
- slight swelling and slight pain successfully removed using a conventional ice. Make an ice compress 3 times a day for 10-20 minutes, and you immediately feel relief;
- the first two days after a knee injury should abandon hot showers, baths, hot compresses and alcoholic beverages;
- If the patient's condition allows small exercise, you should not abandon them as light load to help keep the flexibility of the joints;
- If the damaged area is applied a bandage, do not tighten it too tight - it may lead to an increase in swelling;
- Do not remove the bandage without the permission of the doctor - it is possible that he is suspected of serious injury and because failure to comply with the recommendations could lead to all sorts of complications;
- to reduce the load on the injured knee, use a cane or crutches.