Brief description of the disease
The lesions of the knee joint are one of the most serious problems of modern orthopedics. In particular, it brings great inconvenience to people inflammation of the synovial membrane of the joint, accompanied by the formation of effusion. The disease is called synovitis. The problem may occur after a knee injury, infection if it enters into the body, and after arthritis, allergies, or hemophilia.
The most common and therefore fairly well studied form of synovitis. It manifested in the form of a body's response to certain types of intra-articular damage.
In this case, synovitis of joints arises from a banal destruction of surrounding tissue. At the same time in all patients indicated the formation of effusion in the joints. Note that traumatic gonarthromeningitis can occur without any apparent injury, for example, as a result of failure of the ligamentous apparatus.
Acute traumatic synovitis of joints
Acute synovitis, whose symptoms are manifested quite clearly already in the first stages of the disease, must be distinguished from hemarthrosis. Clear signs of acute synovitis - is changing the shape of the joint, fever, severe pain on palpation, education effusion. Also, the presence of this form, patients have a strong restriction of mobility of the joint, which leads to a significant deterioration in the quality of life.
Chronic traumatic synovitis of joints
The chronic form of the disease is quite rare
. In the early stages of diagnosis is a major problem, because the clinical manifestations are very weak
. As a result, chronic gonarthromeningitis which treatment started too late, leading to numerous complications
. Any disease is easier to prevent than to treat, and synovitis was no exception to the rule
. Initially, the inflammatory process is manifested in the form of fatigue when walking and minor aching pain
. Then, in the joint plane begins to accumulate exudate, leading to the so-called joint edema
. After that there is a sprain, dislocation of joints progressing to complete immobility and human
. A small detail: the consequences that may result from chronic synovitis of the knee joint, not even linked to the rapid development of the disease, and blood circulation and lymph circulation in the affected tissues
. That is why doctors pay much attention to the treatment of synovitis and early diagnosis of diseases
Synovitis - standard methods of treatment
Treatment of inflammation of the joints is carried out in the complex. First of all, doctors corrected anatomical and metabolic disorders in the area of inflammatory focus. The need for surgical intervention in each case is decided individually, taking into account the severity of damage and the nature of the changes. To do this, the patient carried a puncture - diagnostic procedures, which involves piercing the skin and taking a sample of tissue. Synovitis, symptoms of which are expressed too, requires tight joint stabilization using overlay tires and hypothermia. But no serious evidence to resort to this measure can not be, as it often leads to unpleasant complications.
Uncommon nowadays recurrent synovitis of the joints can be successfully treated with drugs that counteract the appearance of relapses - brufen, indomethacin, heparin rumalon and salicylates. Patients are also shown physiotherapy (electrophoresis, UHF, phonophoresis). Their use requires appropriate knowledge, and because these procedures, it is desirable to attend only after consultation with an experienced professional.
If synovitis treatment which until now carried out exclusively by conservative methods, continues to progress, the experts had to resort to surgery. In this case, the patient synovitis held subtotal or total synovectomy, in which the cavity of the knee joint is opened, followed by revision and removal of foreign bodies. After surgery, the patient is a hemostatic and anti-inflammatory therapy, as well as reduction of physical activity, prevents recurrence.
Synovitis - Treatment folk remedies
Here are the most effective, the test of time recipes of traditional treatment of synovitis.
- Take the collection of herbs mistletoe, yarrow, thyme, echinacea, marjoram, eucalyptus, birch leaf, walnut and tansy. Prepare the infusion of this collection the following recipe: tablespoon of herbs is poured two cups of boiling water, and then Move infused for 1 hour and filtered. Infusion taken between meals in equal portions during the day;
- as anthelmintic agents, doctors are advised to use the tincture of black walnut. It perfectly cleanses the blood and expels many parasites. Taking tincture 3 times a day before meals for one teaspoon;
- to eliminate the consequences of the many traumas suit Comfrey. It quickly heals damaged tissue and prevents the process of necrosis spread to deeper layers of the epithelium. Because Comfrey is obtained and a good wrap, especially if you mix it with lard.