Repeated long-term use of drugs can lead to the fact that when canceling a person rapidly deteriorating state of health or well-being. This state is called the syndrome of drug dependence.
Syndrome often occurs when using psychotropic drugs, most commonly associated with abstinence (opiates and psychostimulants) but drug dependency may arise from many other drugs, such as corticosteroids, as well as the hallucinogenic substances or organic solvents are not used for the treatment.
The syndrome is defined by pathological human need to accept these funds to avoid discomfort, mental disorders and withdrawal - a condition in which patients have a hysterical fear of the abolition of the drug.
To overcome drug dependence can only be sharp, especially in cases of psychological dependence, or phasing out the use of drugs, or their replacement by the addition means.
Types of Drug Dependence
In medicine, there are two types of drug addiction - physical and psychological (mental). The first occurs after the cancellation of a substance or drug causes the patient to a state of abstinence, mental, vegetative, somatic and neurological disorders.
Abstinence, in addition to the abolition of the funds could also be due to the administration of the antagonist agents cause physical dependence, its clinical picture is completely dependent on the type, dose and duration of use of psychoactive substances.
The development of the second type of drug dependence - psychological, occurs at conditions where removal of the drug causes psychological or emotional discomfort. You can recognize it by irresistible attraction of the patient to receive the drug, turns into obsession.
The development of drug dependence
It is assumed that the basis for the formation of psychological drug dependence is the ability of psychotropic drugs to change the psychological state of a person for the better.
Most of these funds, whether tranquilizers, narcotic analgesics, alcohol, hypnotics and sedatives, stimulants or tranquilizers, have a direct impact on the perception, mood, thinking, man, cause euphoria, relieve tension, fear and anxiety.
Such a reaction of the body in some people due to the predisposing genetic, psychological, social, biochemical, and situational factors may form an irresistible desire to re-admission of psychotropic drugs, which leads to drug dependence.
An extreme form of such requirements imposed by the development of pathologic desire is often used psychoactive compounds in order to achieve a state of euphoria, which is why this state subsequently converted into drug addiction or substance abuse.
In many cases, psychological drug dependence occurs when the administration of psychotropic drugs to patients suffering from neurotic or anxious-hypochondriac temperament. Such patients are getting into a situation where the removal of the drug leads to negative affective reactions often resort to self-acceptance of any psychotropic substances to eliminate the negative effects of the abolition. As a result of such actions on the conditioned reflex mechanism of such persons, and developing drug dependency.
Thus, we can conclude that in many respects the emergence of psychological dependence on drugs is associated with the formation of a conditioned reflex stereotype of the patient, because after receiving such funds, he feels calm, discomfort and anxiety goes, comes the euphoria and positive emotional state.
Presumably in the development of physical drug dependence, inter conditioned reflex mechanisms play an important role are adaptive responses of the organism which are associated with a change in the internal organs of sensitivity and the number of receptors that interact with the substance taken.
Diagnosis and treatment of drug dependence
Recognize drug dependence can be drawn on stable patient to the drugs and their analogs, a constant need to increase the single dose, when by the very thought of skipping the reception means a person panics, his hands tremble, there is intolerance to bright lights or loud noises, anxiety and excessive sweating.
Seeing that the patient developed dependence on medication, the doctor will determine its degree and find out how much the desire of the patient to get rid of this condition. It is a strong and sincere desire of the patient plays a key role in the treatment of drug dependence.
Complete rejection of the use of the drug is the most important aspect of therapy, it is best to hospitalize the patient, as such a step would ensure strict compliance with all recommendations of the physician. Relatives and friends of the patient with drug addiction during rehabilitation should express understanding and support it.
In general, the treatment of drug addiction is complex, it includes psychotherapy, cleansing of the body, the appointment of drugs and exercise therapy.
Drug dependence is called the human condition, in which he develops a panic by the mere thought of the abolition of the drug. There is such a dependence both on psychotropic drugs or corticosteroids, and by hallucinogenic substances are not used for treatment. Recognition and application of the early stage of adequate treatment are essential in order that the fight against drug addiction will be effective.