General characteristics of the disease
Sarcoidosis refers to a group of chronic inflammatory diseases. It is most commonly affects the lungs of people aged 30 to 40 years. Children and the elderly are sick less often. In Russia, the disease is diagnosed in approximately five people per 100 000 population.
The reason that there is pulmonary sarcoidosis, is not known. Researchers have just discovered that the inflammation significantly increases the activity of lymphocytes - white blood cells that begin to produce substances that cause the formation of granulomas in multiple organs. The possibility of transmission from human to human and has not been proven. In some cases, the treatment of sarcoidosis is necessary not only to the patient but also his family, however, the doctors explain this fact by heredity, or adverse environmental conditions in the place where people live.
Sarcoidosis - symptoms
As mentioned above, the light - this is the main body which is exposed to sarcoidosis. Treatment slight difficulty due to the fact that in 90% of cases the disease is completely without any symptoms were expressed. In such situations, sarcoidosis can be identified only with X-ray examination. The lack of symptoms is due to the defeat of intrapulmonary limfauzlov that in most cases can only be determined with the help of special equipment, as patients do not appear to be any external manifestations.
How to recognize pulmonary sarcoidosis? Symptoms appear in the later stages and are manifested in the form of:
- shortness of breath and fatigue;
- dry cough and chest pain;
- pulmonary fibrosis and worsening the normal functioning of the respiratory system.
In addition, pulmonary sarcoidosis is revealed inflammatory changes in the skin, joints and lifmaticheskih sites. Lack of adequate treatment can lead to complete blindness of man and irreversible changes in the brain, heart, kidneys and liver.
Diagnosis and treatment of sarcoidosis
The diagnosis of "pulmonary sarcoidosis" is established only after a full examination and analysis of the patient's condition. A prerequisite is to conduct biochemical blood tests and chest X-rays. To confirm sarcoidosis, the symptoms of which are similar to tuberculosis, the patient may appoint holding Mantoux test. The reaction in this case has to be negative. It is possible that for an accurate diagnosis the doctor will need to study the lungs with the help of specialized medical equipment. Typically, in modern hospitals use a bronchoscope, which is a flexible tube which is introduced into the lungs and allows the liquid to take analysis for the presence of cells that cause inflammation.
Lung biopsy is only used in cases of dispute. The procedure is short, performed under local anesthesia and does not cause a person any pain or other discomfort.
With regard to treatment. In many patients, the disease is by itself, but it is better not to risk it and treat sarcoidosis under the supervision of a physician, as only he can assess the severity of internal organ involvement and assign appropriate recovery procedures.
In some cases, sarcoidosis lung leads to respiratory failure and blindness. Adverse changes stoped using corticosteroids. They are also used in cases where the inflammatory process involved in the brain and the heart of the person as well as any skin disease manifestations.
Status of lung tissue inflammation and distribution are controlled by regular X-ray examinations.
Prevention of disease
For the prevention of relapse of sarcoidosis need to stop smoking, maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoid prolonged contact with chemicals and drugs that affect the liver, lungs, heart and other organs. Sarcoidosis provokes the appearance of stones in the bladder, so the illness should give up foods rich in calcium (cheese, milk), and on a beach holiday, as the rays of the sun contribute to the development of calcium in the blood.