Brief description of the disease
Sciatica - a disease of the nervous system that is characterized by lesions of spinal nerves. The main symptom of the disease - pain in the back or neck injury site.
Causes of sciatica
Sciatica is caused by inflammation of the spinal nerves. The main cause of the disease - osteochondrosis, who at the time was not cured. Sometimes the disease can trigger old trauma of the spine, herniated discs, salt deposits in the cartilage and joints. In some cases, to give impetus to the development of the disease can be stressful situations, metabolic disorders, infectious diseases, weight lifting.
Symptoms of sciatica
The main symptom of sciatica - a pain, which depends on the localization of the injury. The pain may be dull or sharp and sudden, intermittent or constant, leading to the exhaustion of the patient. Also, there is a decrease in muscle strength, numbness in the extremities, tingling and burning.
Forms of sciatica
Sciatica is divided into these types depending on the location of the lesion of the spinal nerves:
- Neck and shoulder;
- Neck and chest;
Neck sciatica - is characterized by lesions of spinal nerve roots in the cervical spine. The main symptom of sciatica is a cervical neck pain that spreads to the muscles of the arms. Pain is a sudden character may appear in flexion of the head, aggravated by an unfortunate turn and head movements. The patient was difficult to find a comfortable position to sleep at night can disturb the sharp stabbing pain in the neck and arms. Pain can be a bit weakened by gently rotating or tilting the head. Can significantly diminish muscle strength in the hands of up to a total loss of sensitivity.
Breast sciatica - is characterized by the localization of the disease in the thoracic spine. It is less common than cervical or lumbar. Symptoms of breast sciatica is pain, tingling and numbness in the upper extremities, and reduced muscle strength. The causes of this type of disease can be osteoarthritis, herniated disc, osteophyte, various spinal injury.
Lumbar sciatica is the most common form of the disease. Localization - the lumbar spine. Sometimes referred to as lumbar sciatica sciatica. This term means the defeat of the sciatic nerve, so that the patient feels a strong one-sided pain in the buttocks and thighs. The main symptom of sciatica is lumbar pain, which can give in the buttocks or thighs. Pain is sharp, wear a sudden character. The patient is very difficult to find a position that can mitigate pain. Unsuccessful movements can dramatically exacerbate symptoms of sciatica, the patient is difficult to find a comfortable position to sleep. At night can disturb shooting pains in the leg or waist. There is a decrease in muscle strength in the legs, sometimes completely lost sensitivity of the lower extremities.
Diagnosis of sciatica
To diagnose the disease the doctor inspects the site of injury to assess muscle strength and range of motion. It carried out a neurological examination, which includes checking the sensitivity. Another method of diagnosis of sciatica is the X-ray, which allows to estimate the changes that occur in the spine. It is also used MRI and CT.
Treatment of sciatica
Treatment for sciatica - a comprehensive and aimed not only at reducing the pain, but also to restore mobility and normal functioning of the vertebrae.
Drug treatment of sciatica comprises administering anti-inflammatory drugs (Ortophenum, diclofenac), analgesics, vitamins, as well as warm-up funds. In addition to medicines, treatment of sciatica involves physical therapy, such as ultrasound, electrophoresis using drugs, the dynamic current. When radiculitis shows physiotherapy, chiropractic and massage therapy. Treatment of sciatica includes both medication and non-drug methods that can achieve maximum effect.
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