Rectal polyps are benign, which are located on the wall of the rectum and grow into the lumen.
The effects on the body and complications of polyps
Colon polyp is a tumor-like formations on the leg, has a spherical shape and branching growths on the ground. Typically, polyps are reddish or yellowish tint and covered with mucus, and their texture is soft and sticky.
If a patient in the rectum is located a few polyps, the disease is polyposis. Each colon polyp grows from the epithelium and contains connecting base with muscle tissue.
In medicine polyps are considered as a precancerous condition, as each subsequent formed polyp in the gut and can cause malignant colorectal cancer.
Benign colon polyps are classified into the following types:
- Distribution by type - single, multiple, group and diffuse;
- morphologically - glandular villous, plastic and hyperplastic, cystic, fibrosis and false.
Polyps of the rectum can appear in adults and in children.
These tumors may lead to the following complications:
- malignant tumors;
- inflammatory and degenerative processes in the rectum;
- diseases of the digestive tract and disorders of the digestive system;
- rectal fissures;
Causes and symptoms of colon polyps
In modern medicine, the exact causes of colon polyps are not installed. The main causes of the disease are diseases of connective tissue, and inflammatory diseases of chronic type, including peptic ulcer, colitis, enteritis, typhoid, dysentery, etc. These diseases cause premature aging of the colon epithelium and contribute to the emergence of benign tumors. After full treatment of inflammatory diseases polypous sprawl may disappear entirely.
In children, the causes of occurrence of rectal polyps can be congenital conditions and genetic predisposition.
Symptoms of rectal polyps may not appear for a long time and are difficult to identify in the course of a clinical trial. Often the disease is detected at endoscopy.
The main symptoms of colon polyps are diarrhea with mucus and blood, bleeding from the rectum, frequent urge to defecate, anemia and exhaustion. Colon polyps can be diminished sphincter during defecation and stand out from the rectum in the form of fragments.
Prevention polyposis colon
The main preventive measure polyposis colon is the observance of a special nutritional program and exercise, especially for patients in advanced age.
To prevent colon polyps should follow these recommendations:
- eat foods that are rich in fiber and vitamins (cabbage, apple, zucchini, squash, cucumbers, kiwis, beets, etc.);
- Replace animal fats with vegetable analogues;
- restrict or eliminate the use of alcohol and energy drinks, which increase the risk of digestive diseases.
Diagnosis and treatment of colon polyps
In order to establish an accurate diagnosis and detection of colon polyps proctologist performs inspection and digital examination. During the inspection can reveal the number of polyps, their size, location and consistency. As an additional diagnostic testing and sigmoidoscopy prescribed x-ray. X-rays will determine the condition of the colon and the number of polyps, as well as to establish the degree of damage and the nature of colon tumors. In some cases the rectum polyps associated with other tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. To determine the state of the stomach prescribe ultrasound.
Treatment of rectal polyps begin to address the causes of cancer and related diseases of the digestive system. The attending doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs, and holds regular dynamic examinations, including colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy.
In most cases, the presence of colon polyps surgery is performed to remove all foci of inflammation. The surgeon performs polyp excision of the rectum and remove diseased tissue around it.
In severe inflammation, and lesions of the colon polyp surgery is performed with partial removal of the bowel fragments and its crosslinking, if necessary, completely remove the rectum.
After surgery, the patient is undergoing rehabilitation therapy and rehabilitation procedures in a hospital. For several months, should avoid strenuous exercise, trauma and intensive movements.