Cough - unconditioned reflex, forced expiration provoked airway muscle contraction due to irritation of receptors for the natural purification of the respiratory tract from foreign substances as well as prevention of mechanical obstacles that impede the airway patency. Cough is a defense mechanism that ensures the preservation and purification of the tracheobronchial tree from irritants and foreign bodies. Annoying agents (mucus, blood, sputum, pus), including and foreign bodies (pieces of food, dust, lint, and other elements of inhaled air) can provoke coughing.
Coughing - the body's response to the impact of the pathogen, which manifests itself suddenly starts coughing to eliminate the irritation that lasts until complete relief. Cough during attacks called convulsive or convulsive as cough shock do not give a patient to take a breath following one after another. In some cases, severe coughing can be completed vomiting, respiratory failure, heart rate, fainting. Bouts of coughing can cause panic in humans. If coughing unit, in this case, as a rule, there is no cause for concern, as the reason for the attack may be an irritant, suddenly caught in the airways. However, if you take cough recurrent nature, amplified, it is necessary to pay attention to the additional symptoms.
Severe bouts of coughing is not a disease, it is only the symptoms that may indicate a certain disorder or disease.
Bouts of coughing symptoms of diseases
Before you start treatment or elimination of coughing, it is necessary to determine a symptom of the disease they are. Treatment themselves coughing spells will be ineffective, if not avoided their cause.
Coughing can be symptoms of various types of acute respiratory diseases, diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tracts (asthma, tuberculosis, lung and tumor diseases, etc.), viral and bacterial infections, allergies. Seizures may develop a cough when inhaled irritants and foreign bodies. Coughing may signal the diseases of the cardiovascular system, nervous system.
There are a number of characteristics used to describe the attacks of coughing. Based on the combination of these characteristics may be more likely to establish a pathological process causes severe coughing spells.
Cough without sputum called dry. Dry cough in most cases is a sign of the development of pathologies in organs other than the respiratory system (heart disease, inflammation of the external ear, nervous system diseases, pericarditis). A dry cough is also called unproductive. Except for the removal of mechanical stimuli, dry cough does not perform its protective function.
Cough is caused by diseases of the respiratory system only. When there is plenty of wet cough sputum production due to increased formation of bronchial secretions. The character of sputum is also a sign of a pathological process.
The duration and frequency of the cough is characterized by constant and periodic cough, cough individual desires and strong cough.
Acute and chronic cough is determined by the duration of its existence. For example, acute cough is considered to be existing for 3 months, chronic cough referred to with the duration of the existence of more than 3 months.
What caused severe coughing?
Conventionally, factors causing coughing, divided into four groups:
- Inflammatory / allergic factors - bronchial spasms, increased viscosity of sputum, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, edema, increased production of sputum;
- Mechanical factors - swollen lymph nodes, tumors that have a compressive effect on the bronchi and trachea, a foreign body in the ear canal, throat;
- Thermal factors - respiratory tract irritation excessive cold / hot air;
- Chemical factors - gaseous substances inhaled with the air, medicines, in which cough is a side effect.
What can be caused by a child's cough?
To bouts of coughing in a child should be treated with extreme caution, since in most cases the child is not able to explain their condition and associated symptoms. Among the causes of the child's cough, the most likely become inflammatory and mechanical factors. If your child has a cough accompanied by fever, general weakness, rhinitis, lacrimation, sleep disturbance, loss of appetite, it is likely due to colds cough. If a child's cough is not accompanied by symptoms of disease, as manifested cough or amplified only when the child is going to bed, then the cough can be caused by excessive salivation during teething. In some cases, a child's cough can be caused by inhalation of large foreign body during the game that can be completed by suffocation.
If your child cough accompanied by the following symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention:
- general weakness, sickly child;
- increase in frequency of breaths;
- pain when coughing.
Attacks of cough in adults, when to see a doctor
Occasional bouts of cough in adults is usually not cause for concern. However, there are a number of signs that require immediate treatment to the doctor:
- Attacks of cough in adults lasts more than a week, relief does not occur;
- Heat on a background of coughing in adults;
- Observed asthma attacks;
- General weakness and loss of weight;
- The character of sputum (blood impurity content, green, yellow color, density);
- Coughing fits accompanied by an adult chest pain.
Removing cough: general guidelines
There are various ways to remove cough. Before taking any action, you must determine what type of cough is dominated by the patient. Cough, being protective reflex of the body performs an auxiliary function in diseases, eliminating the excess mucus and phlegm. The main objective in the treatment of cough becomes his removal, and relief. Braking cough is only possible if the cough adversely affects the patient's condition (interferes with sleep, causing vomiting, choking).
The main method of how to remove the cough, the following medications are drugs:
- Mukoregulyatornye funds;