Fracture of the coccyx
Coccyx fracture is a common and serious injuries of the lower spine, which is accompanied by
severe pain, swelling and inflammation.
Causes and symptoms of a fracture of the coccyx
The coccyx is the bottom of the human spine and a tail department, no longer formed in the course of evolution. The most common injury is a fracture of the department.
The main cause is a broken tailbone injury resulting from a fall, a direct blow to the buttocks or childbirth. Coccyx fracture is usually injury adults and children are frequent sprains.
Symptoms fracture coccyx are pain, swelling at the fracture site, inflammation and difficulty in movement.
The most common causes of coccyx fracture include:
- fall on the buttocks;
- strikes at the traffic accident;
- sports injuries;
- long biking, snow-cats and tobogganing;
- lack of calcium and bone fragility;
- birth injuries;
- trauma during intercourse;
- malfunction of the muscular system.
The trauma fracture of the coccyx classified into the following types: offset and without it, articulated fracture, with the position of coccygeal vertebrae.
After an injury symptoms of a fracture of the coccyx, including pain in the coccyx when walking and sitting, hematoma. Accurate diagnosis can be set using X-rays.
In some cases, a fracture of the coccyx may occur in the presence of severe degenerative processes in the bones, associated with calcium deficiency in the elderly.
Consequences of fracture of the coccyx
The severe consequences of fracture of the coccyx may be fragments, whose presence can be detected by vaginal and rectal examination, X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging.
Once an accurate diagnosis is necessary to urgently start the treatment, otherwise you may experience the following effects coccyx fracture:
- improper fusion of parts and pieces of the coccyx;
- dysfunction of the genitourinary system;
- disturbance of bowel movements;
- compression and violations of the pelvic organs;
- the appearance of nodules and cysts on the coccyx;
- severe bruises and festering;
- difficulty in movement and when sitting;
- the formation of blisters and fistulas;
- deposition of salts and gout.
Treatment of fracture of the coccyx
The method of treatment depends on the coccyx fracture type and severity of the injury as well as the presence of complications and disorders.
coccyx fracture treatment is conservative therapy, which aims to eliminate the main symptoms (pain, swelling, inflammation). This therapy involves the intake of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, which assigns a physician. If necessary, prescribe anti-inflammatory and decongestant ointments, compresses and tinctures.
The essential requirements for effective treatment of the fracture of the coccyx is bed rest for the patient and the exclusion of any load on the spine. Under coccyx patient lay rubber mattress or a circle, and the patient to avoid bedsores rotated several times a day. In the first days of treatment is carried out only defecation with enemas.
Surgical treatment of fracture of the coccyx is prescribed for the following complications: severe bias, improper fusing together, squeezing parts of the coccyx nerve endings and blood vessels, severe pain that does not stop for a long time.
After the main course of treatment the doctor prescribes rehabilitation treatments, including physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy, electric procedures and hirudotherapy.
After suffering a fracture of the coccyx in a few years the patient should be observed sparing regimen of work and rest, avoid heavy loads on the lower back, eliminate horse riding and lifting heavy objects. Athletes after a fracture of the coccyx appoint a special training regime with a gradual increase in load, but in some cases, professional occupations heavy sports canceled for several years.
In the presence of pathological and degenerative processes of the musculoskeletal system prescribed a special diet, vitamin therapy and exercises to strengthen the bone structure and muscular system.